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List of English Words of Persian Origin
Thread poster: Rahi Moosavi

Rahi Moosavi  Identity Verified
Canada
Local time: 16:53
Member (2004)
Farsi (Persian) to English
+ ...
Nov 23, 2007

Interesting read. Just wanted to share.

Many words of Persian origin have made their way into the English language through different, often circuitous, routes. Some of them, such as "paradise", date to cultural contacts between the Persians and the ancient Greeks or Romans and through Greek and Latin found their way to English. Persian as the second important language of Islam has influenced many languages in the Muslim world, and its words have found their way beyond the Muslim world.

Many words also came into English through Hindustani during the British Raj. Persian was the lingua franca in India before British rule.

Other words of Persian origin found their way into European languages— and eventually reached English at second-hand— through the Moorish-Christian cultural interface in the Iberian peninsula during the Middle Ages thus being transmitted through Arabic.

Complete article and list of words:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_words_of_Persian_origin


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Cristina Moldovan do Amaral  Identity Verified
United States
Local time: 13:53
Member (2002)
English to Romanian
+ ...
very interesting Nov 28, 2007

As a native speaker of Romanian, I can also say that we have a lot of words of Persian origin in our vocabulary, most of them brought to us by the Turks.

(Rom.) perdea - (Persian) parde - curtain
(Rom.)pătură - (Persian) patu - blanket
(Rom.) duşman - (Persian) doshman - enemy
(Rom.) ciomag - (Persian) ciomagh - bat
(Rom.) casap - (Persian) ghasab - butcher, murderer
(Rom.) curma - (Persian) khorma - date
(Rom.)harbuz - (Persian) harbuze - honeydew melon
(Rom.)zuluf - (Persian) zolf - curl
(Rom.) musafir - (Persian) mosafer - traveler
(Rom.)şalvari - (Persian) shalvar - pants
(Rom.)chibrit - (Persian) kebrit - matches
(Rom.)muşteriu - (Persian) moshtari - customer
(Rom.)maidan - (Persian) meydan - square
(Rom.)cîrmîz - (Persian) ghermez - red
(Rom.)schingiui - (Persian) shekanje kardan - to torture
(Rom.) portocală - (Persian) porteghal - orange
(Rom.) nufăr - (Persian) nilufar - waterlily
(Rom.) cioban - (Persian) ciupan - shepherd
(Rom.)peşcheş - (Persian) peshkesh - present
(Rom.)pehlivan - (Persian) pahlevan - wrestler
(Rom.)bumbac - (Persian) pambe - cotton
(Rom.) ciorap - (Persian) giurab - stocking


and many more....


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