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Rules for listing foreign references (books, articles, ...)
Thread poster: Tjasa Kuerpick

Tjasa Kuerpick  Identity Verified
Local time: 15:38
Slovenian to German
+ ...
May 24, 2007

I wonder if there are any rules (guidelines) for listing references (like articles in magazines, books, homepages) that are internationally accepted.

Second how do you handle this if you have for example a titel of an published book or article in Spanish another one is in English and so on and you are writting an article in German language, where you have to list all this foreign references?
Thanks to all in advance

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Margreet Logmans  Identity Verified
Local time: 15:38
English to Dutch
+ ...
What I've learned in school... May 24, 2007

is that if you have the original title and such, you use that. The reason for that is that researchers usually want to see and refer to the original sources.

If there is a translation available, you add that with a note, such as: translated as.... and then the details of that particular edition.

This is specifically necessary for articles in magazines and such, since you cannot translate the title of the magazine itself. Even magazines with the same name aren't the same in all countries - National Geographic Magazine, for example, features different articles in the Dutch and English edition.

The rule of thumb is: how can one find the original source most easily? By having all the original details available.
If you want, you can add a translation or clarification, but that depends on the audience you're translating for.

Listing is done alphabetically, name of author. Then the articles/books etc. chronologically, by year of publication.

Hope this helps!


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diana bb  Identity Verified
Local time: 16:38
English to Lithuanian
+ ...
Oxford Style Manual, edited and compiled by R.M. Ritter, OUP, 2003 May 24, 2007

Personally, I find this manual very very useful.
Chapter 15 deals with the organisation and presentation of references and notes, giving ample advice on books, titles and subtitles,reprints and facsimiles,multi-author works, as well as separate chapters and articles in books, articles in periodicals, etc. What is new in this manual (compared to Hart Rules for Compositors and Editors) is a section on eletronic data (websites, e-books and magazines, online reference sources, personal communications).

There are other well known manuals of this sort, Chicago Style Guide (not sure about the accuracy of the title) among them.

Best regards,


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Marina Aleyeva  Identity Verified
Local time: 16:38
English to Russian
+ ...
For scientific citation, see May 24, 2007

CSE (Council of Science Editors) Scientific Style and Format Manual. Some of the guidelines are reproduced at

Hope this helps.

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