Where can I find universal language codes?
Thread poster: Stendahls
Stendahls
Local time: 06:57
English
Sep 8, 2004

Hi,

my first post here!
I am looking for a complete list (as possible) of standard codes for active languages. i.e fre = french, usa = american english, swe = swedish and so on.

This far i have only been able to find the iso-standard list, but that doesnt contain languages like american english and brazilian portuguese.

Any tips?

[Subject edited by staff or moderator 2004-09-08 18:15]


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Rossana Triaca  Identity Verified
Uruguay
Local time: 01:57
Member (2002)
English to Spanish
W3C recommendations Sep 8, 2004

Stendahls wrote:
This far i have only been able to find the iso-standard list, but that doesnt contain languages like american english and brazilian portuguese.


My best bet so far are the W3C recommendations, which mix ISO 639 and 639-2 language codes (2 and 3 letter standards), and ISO 3166 country codes.

For example (taken from the same site):

en - English - ISO-639 two-letter language code

mas - Masai - ISO-639 three-letter language code

fr-CA - French as used in Canada - ISO-639 two-letter code with ISO-3166 two-letter country code

en-scouse - English Liverpudlian dialect known as 'Scouse' - ISO-639 two-letter language code with addition, IANA-registered

i-klingon - Klingon - IANA-registered language code

So far is the best standard, and considers even dialects although that usage is not too widespread.

Hope it helped!

[Edited at 2004-09-08 14:55]

[Edited at 2004-09-08 14:57]


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Henry Dotterer
Local time: 00:57
SITE FOUNDER
ISO or SIL Sep 8, 2004

Rossana wrote:

My best bet so far are the W3C recommendations, which mix ISO 639 and 639-2 language codes (2 and 3 letter standards), and ISO 3166 country codes.


This is the most common approach, and probably best for most applications. With 400+ languages in the ISO 3-letter codes, some will be missing. And as Rossana indicated, you have to deal somehow with dialects within countries.

If your interest is more academic/linguistic and less commercial/practical, there is a more complete encoding scheme (7148 languages) available from SIL (Summer Institute of Linguistics): http://www.ethnologue.com/codes/


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