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|Arabic to English translations [PRO]|
|Arabic term or phrase: Aliya Bet|
|The movement of Jews to Palestine became known as the Aliya Bet|
Pronounced: AL-HIJRA AL-THANIYA
“Bet” is the second letter of the Hebrew alphabet, so “Aliya Bet” means “the Second Aliya” or “Aliya II.” The purpose of this designation was to distinguish this wave of immigration from the First Aliya. Here is an excerpt from the web site of the World Zionist Organization, where the term “Second Aliya” is used instead of “Aliya Bet”:
“Jewish settlement in Eretz-Israel through the Second Aliya
Between 1881 and 1914, two major waves of Jewish immigration arrived in Eretz-Israel. The first included Jews principally from Russia and Rumania motivated not only by anti-Semitism and economic hardship but also by the desire to rebuild a Jewish homeland in Eretz-Israel. Whilst the bulk of these immigrants made their homes in the four Holy Cities and in Jaffa a good number laid the foundations of agricultural villages known as moshavot.
The second wave of immigration came mainly from Eastern Europe and they too made their way to the urban centers. However, a major breakthrough was made in the establishment of a new type of agricultural settlement during this period namely the kvutsa or kibbutz. This period also marked the founding of Tel-Aviv, the intensification of the struggle for Hebrew, the attempt at broadening Hebrew culture and education as well as the establishment of political parties and defense groups.”
See citation above.
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