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English term or phrase: residual + in a regression of  Description of a graph, where "y" is equity market capitalization to GDP, and "x" is openness of a country to trade multiplied by its industrialization:
"In drawing this graph, we have adjusted for the obvious relationship that more industrialized countries should have larger equity markets. So we plot the residual (in a regression of the total equity market capitalization to GDP against a constant and an index of industrialization for the country in 1913) against the product of industralization and openness".
To what can "residual" refer here? And what is the meaning of "in regression of"? Could it mean "instead of" or is it the statistical term?
Thank you in advance for any suggestion. 
 Stefano77KudoZ activityQuestions: 615 (none open) ( 15 without valid answers) ( 16 closed without grading) Answers: 318
  Local time: 20:08

 English translation:statististical terms  Explanation: plot the residual of
in a regression of
Both are statistical notions.
 Note added at 20040118 16:50:39 (GMT) 
definition REGRESSION:
A statistical method for studying and expressing the change in one variable associated with and dependent upon changes in another related variable or group of variables. A line that shows the relationships between two variables.
fwie.fw.vt.edu/rhgiles/appendices/glossr.htm
Definitiosn of RESIDUAL
The \"error\" left over after a statistical model is fit to a sample of data. In a regression analysis, the residuals are the differences between the observed values and the values that are predicted by the regression model. Specifically, they are the deviations from the regression line. In a oneway analysis of variance, the residuals are the observed values minus the mean of the samples from which the observations come. Analysis of residuals is an important step in any analysis since the residuals are assumed to be normally and independently distributed with constant variance. Plots of residuals are often the best way to see if the data violates these assumptions. When interpreting residuals, it is often desirable to refer to Studentized residuals because the magnitudes are easier to judge.
www.statlets.com/usermanual/glossary2.htm
In statistics, the difference between the observed value of y and the value predicted by a model, (y  y), sometimes referred to as the error of prediction.
www.pestmanagement.co.uk/library/glossqr2.html
 Note added at 20040118 16:51:54 (GMT) 
definition REGRESSION:
A statistical method for studying and expressing the change in one variable associated with and dependent upon changes in another related variable or group of variables. A line that shows the relationships between two variables.
fwie.fw.vt.edu/rhgiles/appendices/glossr.htm
Definitiosn of RESIDUAL
The \"error\" left over after a statistical model is fit to a sample of data. In a regression analysis, the residuals are the differences between the observed values and the values that are predicted by the regression model. Specifically, they are the deviations from the regression line. In a oneway analysis of variance, the residuals are the observed values minus the mean of the samples from which the observations come. Analysis of residuals is an important step in any analysis since the residuals are assumed to be normally and independently distributed with constant variance. Plots of residuals are often the best way to see if the data violates these assumptions. When interpreting residuals, it is often desirable to refer to Studentized residuals because the magnitudes are easier to judge.
www.statlets.com/usermanual/glossary2.htm
In statistics, the difference between the observed value of y and the value predicted by a model, (y  y), sometimes referred to as the error of prediction.
www.pestmanagement.co.uk/library/glossqr2.html
 Note added at 20040118 16:54:36 (GMT) 
Here are a few examples of \"the residual in a regression of\"
Characterizing Movements and Comovements of Shanghai
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat  View as HTML
... First, the volatility of the rate of return itself, and not of ****the residual in a
regression of ****the rate of return, is often the subject of interest in finance. ...
www.princeton.edu/~gchow/Lawler.pdf  Similar pages
[PDF] Costs of reproduction in male lizards, Sceloporus 7 irgatus
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat
... is significantly positively cor related with body size in males (Abell 1999), I
calcu lated relative home size as ****the residual in a regression of *******home range ...
www.blackwellsynergy.com/links/doi/10.1034/ j.16000706.2000.880320.x/abs/  Similar pages
[PS] This paper is a revised version of chapter 3 of my doctoral ...
File Format: Adobe PostScript  View as Text
... Stochastic variation is measured as the variance o****the residual in a regression
of *******the squared percentage change in production worker employment on monthly ...
www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/ 1996/199648/199648pap.ps  Similar pages
 Note added at 20040118 16:58:26 (GMT) 
I see your language is Italian, so here are some examples:
residual [rzdjul] (adj) residuo/a.
regressione [regressjone]
(n) (f) regression.
[PDF] Le 5 opzioni di Eviews Attenzione: x ` e di dimensione (n ¡Á 1) ed ...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat  View as HTML
... dell¡¯errore hanno media nulla ∆x t = ¦Á¦Â x t−1 + p j=1 ¦£ j ∆x t−j +
¦Å t con u t ev t definiti come u t = residuo della regressione di ∆x t su ...
www.decon.unipd.it/personale/curri/cappuccio/ studenti/econometria_c_p/5_opzioni.pdf  Similar pages
[PPT] REGRESSIONE LINEARE
File Format: Microsoft Powerpoint 97  View as HTML
... 2) b ¨¨ il coefficiente angolare della retta di regressione, detto anche coefficiente
di regressione;. 3) ei ¨¨ il ¡°residuo¡± (o errore) relativo all ...
www.collegioborromeo.it/file/LEZ3.ppt  Similar pages
Metodo dei minimi quadrati  [ Translate this page ]
... ¨¨ definito pari a (y i y(x i )) 2 , ovvero la differenza tra il valore reale della
serie e quello stimato dalla retta di regressione. Il residuo ¨¨ definito ...
www.vialattea.net/esperti/mat/minimiq/  13k  Cached  Similar pages
Trasformazione Logit e Regressione Lineare Pesata  [ Translate this page ]
... Gruppo 23.2 10 17.20 50.4. Totale 255 118 103 477. Regressione 244 109 98
443. Residuo 11 9 5 25. a 0.10 4.40 5.92 2.76. b 3.24 3.31 2.39 2.37. ...
www.bioinfovet.unimi.it/binfovet/ bioin/biostat/traslog.htm  9k  Cached  Similar pages
reg3  [ Translate this page ]
... Fonti di variazione, Devianze, GL, Varianze, F. Regressione, 421, 3, 140,
6,44**. Residuo, 349, 16, 22, Totale, 771, 19, Il coefficiente di regressione
R 2. ...
www.bioinfovet.unimi.it/binfovet/bioin/reg3.htm  11k  Cached  Similar pages
[ More results from www.bioinfovet.unimi.it ]
See this EU GLOSSARY:
http://europa.eu.int/en/comm/eurostat/research/isi/alpha/it/...

 Selected response from: xxxLia Fail Spain Local time: 20:08
 Grading comment Thank you so much for helping! 4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer 
 
Discussion entries: 0 

Automatic update in 00:

10 mins confidence: peer agreement (net): +3 statististical terms
Explanation: plot the residual of
in a regression of
Both are statistical notions.
 Note added at 20040118 16:50:39 (GMT) 
definition REGRESSION:
A statistical method for studying and expressing the change in one variable associated with and dependent upon changes in another related variable or group of variables. A line that shows the relationships between two variables.
fwie.fw.vt.edu/rhgiles/appendices/glossr.htm
Definitiosn of RESIDUAL
The \"error\" left over after a statistical model is fit to a sample of data. In a regression analysis, the residuals are the differences between the observed values and the values that are predicted by the regression model. Specifically, they are the deviations from the regression line. In a oneway analysis of variance, the residuals are the observed values minus the mean of the samples from which the observations come. Analysis of residuals is an important step in any analysis since the residuals are assumed to be normally and independently distributed with constant variance. Plots of residuals are often the best way to see if the data violates these assumptions. When interpreting residuals, it is often desirable to refer to Studentized residuals because the magnitudes are easier to judge.
www.statlets.com/usermanual/glossary2.htm
In statistics, the difference between the observed value of y and the value predicted by a model, (y  y), sometimes referred to as the error of prediction.
www.pestmanagement.co.uk/library/glossqr2.html
 Note added at 20040118 16:51:54 (GMT) 
definition REGRESSION:
A statistical method for studying and expressing the change in one variable associated with and dependent upon changes in another related variable or group of variables. A line that shows the relationships between two variables.
fwie.fw.vt.edu/rhgiles/appendices/glossr.htm
Definitiosn of RESIDUAL
The \"error\" left over after a statistical model is fit to a sample of data. In a regression analysis, the residuals are the differences between the observed values and the values that are predicted by the regression model. Specifically, they are the deviations from the regression line. In a oneway analysis of variance, the residuals are the observed values minus the mean of the samples from which the observations come. Analysis of residuals is an important step in any analysis since the residuals are assumed to be normally and independently distributed with constant variance. Plots of residuals are often the best way to see if the data violates these assumptions. When interpreting residuals, it is often desirable to refer to Studentized residuals because the magnitudes are easier to judge.
www.statlets.com/usermanual/glossary2.htm
In statistics, the difference between the observed value of y and the value predicted by a model, (y  y), sometimes referred to as the error of prediction.
www.pestmanagement.co.uk/library/glossqr2.html
 Note added at 20040118 16:54:36 (GMT) 
Here are a few examples of \"the residual in a regression of\"
Characterizing Movements and Comovements of Shanghai
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat  View as HTML
... First, the volatility of the rate of return itself, and not of ****the residual in a
regression of ****the rate of return, is often the subject of interest in finance. ...
www.princeton.edu/~gchow/Lawler.pdf  Similar pages
[PDF] Costs of reproduction in male lizards, Sceloporus 7 irgatus
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat
... is significantly positively cor related with body size in males (Abell 1999), I
calcu lated relative home size as ****the residual in a regression of *******home range ...
www.blackwellsynergy.com/links/doi/10.1034/ j.16000706.2000.880320.x/abs/  Similar pages
[PS] This paper is a revised version of chapter 3 of my doctoral ...
File Format: Adobe PostScript  View as Text
... Stochastic variation is measured as the variance o****the residual in a regression
of *******the squared percentage change in production worker employment on monthly ...
www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/ 1996/199648/199648pap.ps  Similar pages
 Note added at 20040118 16:58:26 (GMT) 
I see your language is Italian, so here are some examples:
residual [rzdjul] (adj) residuo/a.
regressione [regressjone]
(n) (f) regression.
[PDF] Le 5 opzioni di Eviews Attenzione: x ` e di dimensione (n ¡Á 1) ed ...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat  View as HTML
... dell¡¯errore hanno media nulla ∆x t = ¦Á¦Â x t−1 + p j=1 ¦£ j ∆x t−j +
¦Å t con u t ev t definiti come u t = residuo della regressione di ∆x t su ...
www.decon.unipd.it/personale/curri/cappuccio/ studenti/econometria_c_p/5_opzioni.pdf  Similar pages
[PPT] REGRESSIONE LINEARE
File Format: Microsoft Powerpoint 97  View as HTML
... 2) b ¨¨ il coefficiente angolare della retta di regressione, detto anche coefficiente
di regressione;. 3) ei ¨¨ il ¡°residuo¡± (o errore) relativo all ...
www.collegioborromeo.it/file/LEZ3.ppt  Similar pages
Metodo dei minimi quadrati  [ Translate this page ]
... ¨¨ definito pari a (y i y(x i )) 2 , ovvero la differenza tra il valore reale della
serie e quello stimato dalla retta di regressione. Il residuo ¨¨ definito ...
www.vialattea.net/esperti/mat/minimiq/  13k  Cached  Similar pages
Trasformazione Logit e Regressione Lineare Pesata  [ Translate this page ]
... Gruppo 23.2 10 17.20 50.4. Totale 255 118 103 477. Regressione 244 109 98
443. Residuo 11 9 5 25. a 0.10 4.40 5.92 2.76. b 3.24 3.31 2.39 2.37. ...
www.bioinfovet.unimi.it/binfovet/ bioin/biostat/traslog.htm  9k  Cached  Similar pages
reg3  [ Translate this page ]
... Fonti di variazione, Devianze, GL, Varianze, F. Regressione, 421, 3, 140,
6,44**. Residuo, 349, 16, 22, Totale, 771, 19, Il coefficiente di regressione
R 2. ...
www.bioinfovet.unimi.it/binfovet/bioin/reg3.htm  11k  Cached  Similar pages
[ More results from www.bioinfovet.unimi.it ]
See this EU GLOSSARY:
http://europa.eu.int/en/comm/eurostat/research/isi/alpha/it/...
 xxxLia Fail Spain Local time: 20:08 Native speaker of: English PRO pts in pair: 86

  Grading comment Thank you so much for helping! 

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