ProZ.com global directory of translation services
 The translation workplace
Ideas
KudoZ home » English to Arabic » Education / Pedagogy

Formal vs. Informal vs. Non-formal

Login or register (free and only takes a few minutes) to participate in this question.

You will also have access to many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs
(or are passionate about them). Participation is free and the site has a strict confidentiality policy.
11:08 Feb 22, 2007
English to Arabic translations [PRO]
Education / Pedagogy / Curriculum
English term or phrase: Formal vs. Informal vs. Non-formal
Dear colleagues,

I am badly in need of your help on the accurate ARABIC literal translation of the following educational terms:

1) Formal Education
2) Informal Education
3) Non-formal Education

100% sure answers from specialized translators are highly appreciated,

Many thanks in advance,
Yousef Al-Hajjar.
Yousef Al-Hajjar
Local time: 02:59


Summary of answers provided
5التعليم النظامي في مقابل التعليم اللانظامي في مقابل التعليم غير النظاميMohamed-hassan
4 +1suggestion
Nesrin
4 +1التعليم النظامي /اللانظامي/غير النظاميAli Al awadi
4تعليم نظامي أو رسمي/تعليم غير نظامي أو غير رسمي
Waleed Mohamed
1 +1Please see the following definitions:
Shazly


Discussion entries: 1





  

Answers


16 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
formal vs. informal vs. non-formal
تعليم نظامي أو رسمي/تعليم غير نظامي أو غير رسمي


Explanation:
تعليم نظامي أو رسمي/تعليم غير نظامي أو غير رسمي
I think informal=non formal

Waleed Mohamed
Egypt
Local time: 01:59
Works in field
Native speaker of: Arabic
PRO pts in category: 28
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

19 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +1
formal vs. informal vs. non-formal
التعليم النظامي /اللانظامي/غير النظامي


Explanation:
التعليم النظامي (التربية النظامية) يقصد به التعليم المدرسي أو الأساسي الذي تقوم به وزارات التربية والتعليم والمعارف والشباب، وبعد ذلك وزارات التعليم العالي والبحث العلمي. وقد تنشأ للبدو مدارس متنقلة مع المعلم، أو تخصص لتجمعاتهم مدارس مستقرة في أشهر محدودة من السنة، أو ينتقل معهم المعلم في سيارات (كارافان) لتعليم الأطفال تعليماً ابتدائياً وأساسياً.

التعليم اللانظامي (أو بالأحرى التعلم اللانظامي) هو ذلك النوع الذي يستقيه الطفل ممن حولة من أسرة أو أصدقاء أو مجتمع ولذا يطلق عليه التعلم إذ أن الطفل يكتسبه تلقائيا

التعليم غير النظامي يقصد به
التعليم غير النظامي : وهو تعليم الكبار الذي يتم في جميع الوزارات والمؤسسات، والنقابات لتعليم الكبار الأساسي، ويتم هذا خاصة في بداية محو الأمية ومرحلة المتابعة أو ما يسمى تعليم الكبار، وهو ضروري للمترحلين، لأن معظمهم شفاهيون (أميون) وبخاصة الإناث منهم، ولذلك تقوم وزارات التربية والثقافة والشباب والرعاية الاجتماعية أو مختلف الوزارات والمؤسسات الأهلية، برعاية هؤلاء المحتاجين وتعليمهم بما يناسب التطور الاجتماعي أو التقني، أو لتحسين فرص التعلّم لمن فاتتهم فرص التعلم الأساسي

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 23 mins (2007-02-22 11:31:30 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

Formal نظامي
Informal اللانظامي
Non-formal غير النظامي
All non-formal and informal and formal exist and differ in meaning. They are not the same.

Ali Al awadi
Romania
Local time: 02:59
Native speaker of: Arabic
PRO pts in category: 44

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Nesrin: You beat me to it!
6 mins
  -> Right he is who said ..if you can't beat 'em, join 'em...Hahahah
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

23 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +1
formal vs. informal vs. non-formal
suggestion


Explanation:
I have found the following interesting information on the difference btw informal and non-formal (although some sites claim they are used interchangeably):

formal education- the structured educational system usually provided or supported by the state, chronologically graded and running from primary to tertiary institutions;

informal education - learning that goes on in daily life and can be received from daily experience, such as from family, friends, peer groups, the media and other influences in a person’s environment;

and non-formal education- educational activity which is not structured and takes place outside the formal system.

The main difference between informal and non-formal education is the fact that the first is non-voluntary and mostly passive whereas the latter results from an individual voluntary action and is mostly active.
http://assembly.coe.int/Documents/WorkingDocs/doc99/Edoc8595...

"Formal education" is sometimes translated as تعليم رسمي or تعليم نطامي
"Non-formal education" would be تعليم غير رسمي or غير نظامي
For "informal education" I would suggest (based on the definition above) something like التعليم العرضي or (see reference below,
اللارسمي or اللا نظامي
although this would make the distinction as unclear as the English terms.


وترتب على ذلك أن أخذ التعليم أنماطا أو أنواعا تمثلت في التعليم المدرسي (نظامي
) Formal Instruction
والتعليم الغير مدرسي (الغير نظامي)
Non formal Instruction
أو التعليم خارج المدرسة ، والتعليم اللامدرسي أو اللانظامي ( التعليم العرضي أو من الحياة ) وهو نتائج الخبرات الحياتية العرضية Informal Instruction .
www.informatics.gov.sa/ebook/redirect.php?dlid=22


Nesrin
Local time: 00:59
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Arabic
PRO pts in category: 42

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  the Train: But I think التعليم غير المدرسي sounds a lot better than التعليم العرضي
15 days
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

2 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 1/5Answerer confidence 1/5 peer agreement (net): +1
formal vs. informal vs. non-formal
Please see the following definitions:


Explanation:
التعليم الرسمي
Formal education: Formal education is defined as education provided in the system of schools, colleges, universities and other formal educational institutions and that normally constitutes a continuous ladder of full-time education for children and young people, generally beginning at age 5 to 7 and continuing up to 20 or 25 years old or above.

التعليم غير الرسمي
Non-formal education: Non-formal education is defined as any organized and sustained educational
activities that do not correspond exactly to the above definition of formal education. Non-formal
education may therefore take place both within and outside educational institutions, and cater to persons of all ages. Depending on country contexts, it may cover educational programmes to impart adult literacy, basic education for out-of-school children, life skills, work skills and general culture. Non-formal education programmes do not necessarily follow the ladder system, and may have a differing duration.

التعليم غير النظامي
Informal education: Informal education is education that is not organized. Informal learning can be either intentional (e.g. participation in short lectures or reading books or journals) or unintentional (occurring by chance or as a by-product of everyday activities).



Shazly
Egypt
Local time: 01:59
Native speaker of: Native in ArabicArabic
PRO pts in category: 43

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  adeyeye
790 days
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

19 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
formal vs. informal vs. non-formal
التعليم النظامي في مقابل التعليم اللانظامي في مقابل التعليم غير النظامي


Explanation:
As normally used, the term formal education refers to the structured educational system provided by the state for children. In most countries, the formal education system is state-supported and state-operated. In some countries, the state allows and certifies private systems which provide a comparable education.

INFORMAL EDUCATION takes place outside schools and is mediated by resources and resource people in the community.
In contrast, nonformal education refers to education which takes place outside of the formally organized school. Most typically, the term or phrase nonformal education is used to refer to adult literacy and continuing education for adults.

Example sentence(s):
  • أكدت الدراسات والندوات والمؤتمرات الخاصة بالمرأة على العلاقة الوطيدة التي تربط بين التعليم النظامي والتعليم غير النظامي وهي علاقة عكسية أ

    Reference: http://ozpk.tripod.com/00000inf
    Reference: http://www.sil.org/lingualinks/literacy/PrepareForALiteracyP...
Mohamed-hassan
Local time: 01:59
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in ArabicArabic
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)




Return to KudoZ list


KudoZ™ translation help
The KudoZ network provides a framework for translators and others to assist each other with translations or explanations of terms and short phrases.



See also: