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|English to Arabic translations [Non-PRO]|
|English term or phrase: faith|
2 hrs confidence: peer agreement (net): +1
Deen - if you are speaking about religion.
Also إيمان - Eemahn - if believing or hoping something and many other possible words... Depends on context.
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تَصديق، إيمان، عَقيدة، اعتقاد، ثقة، يَقين، إخلاص
These seven translation suggestions are pronounced: TASDEEQ, ‘EEMAN, “AQEEDA, I”TIQAD, THIQA, YAQEEN, and IKHLAS. Their specific meanings are explained below:
In its most basic meaning, faith signifies believing, i.e., holding a claim to be true. In Arabic, this basic meaning is expressed by the term TASDEEQ, a word derived from the root S-D-Q, which carries the general meaning of truthfulness.
Faith, however, is much more profound than mere believing. Faith is a way of relating not only to statements, but also to persons, and encompasses not only believing, but also conducting oneself authentically to what one believes and ultimately is an expression of love. Such richness of meaning can hardly be expressed by one word. Different aspects of faith are expressed by different terms, which are not exact synonyms:
‘EEMAN is the term most readily associated with “faith” in Arabic. It implicitly carries all of the richness of the Latin term “fide,” and is commonly used in spiritual contexts. ‘EEMAN is derived from an Arabic root that connotes the sense of peace, security, and repose that faith brings. It is often used as a personal name (usually for girls), comparable to the name “Faith” used in English-speaking countries, or the name Fidel in Spanish speaking countries (except that Fidel is usually for boys). Most girls named ‘EEMAN spell their names IMAN or EMAN when they write it in Latin letters. I believe a famous entertainer (model or actress) goes by that name.
“AQEEDA is also used in religious discourse, but mostly in reference to the content (or tenets) of a belief system, not necessarily one’s own. One can speak of a particular “AQEEDA being authentic, flawed, etc. The plural is “AQA’ID. The root verb brings out the sense of binding.
I”TIQAD is derived from the same root as “AQEEDA, but is often used in reference to the ambivalence implied in the term “belief,” used when one is less than completely certain. The term is used in spiritual contexts, but is used in general contexts as well. One can speak of a particular I”TIQAD (belief) being incorrect, such as the belief once commonly held that the sun revolves around the earth.
THIQA and its cognate verb are used to express confidence, particularly in the integrity of someone, as when we trust the testimony of a witness. To that extent, THIQA expresses a fundamental aspect of faith.
YAQEEN expresses the ultimate degree of conviction, reached when one who has only heard but not seen has a conviction matched only by those who have seen with their own eyes.
IKHLAS expresses the faithfulness implied in faith. A person cannot be called truly faithful if he or she believes (accepts something as true) but lacks personal commitment to that truth. Faithfulness is likewise implied in the virtues of hope and love.
As you can see, faith, like love, is a many-splendored thing. For the translator, as well as for the general reader, the most illuminating definition of faith is probably that of St. Paul:
“Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen” (Hebrews 11:1).
Note: This is an often asked question on KudoZ, and my answer is one that I had posted before.
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