You need to define your context, because different Arab countries use different names for the Ministry of Education. Some use AL-MA"ARIF, while others use AL-TARBIYA, and still others use AL-TARBIYA WAL-TA"LEEM.
وزارة التربية والتعليم
The term is also time-sensitive. Some Arab countries have changed the names of thier cabinet posts at different times, reflecting either different philosophies or just different preferences.