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06:40 Jul 7, 2008
English to Chinese translations [PRO] Bus/Financial - Business/Commerce (general)
Explanation: 还有段英文自己翻译了下想请大家再翻译下_百度知道It will also reflect the companies’ commitment to leveraging ... 它也将会反映最杠杆式投机的公司的承诺-在-当束以马具韩国的技术领导的时候，班级资源和专长藉由 ...
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Ritchest Local time: 17:22 Works in field Native speaker of: Chinese PRO pts in category: 48
1. Leverage can be created through options, futures, margin and other financial instruments. For example, say you have $1,000 to invest. This amount could be invested in 10 shares of Microsoft stock, but to increase leverage, you could invest the $1,000 in five options contracts. You would then control 500 shares instead of just 10.
2. Most companies use debt to finance operations. By doing so, a company increases its leverage because it can invest in business operations without increasing its equity. For example, if a company formed with an investment of $5 million from investors, the equity in the company is $5 million - this is the money the company uses to operate. If the company uses debt financing by borrowing $20 million, the company now has $25 million to invest in business operations and more opportunity to increase value for shareholders.
Leverage helps both the investor and the firm to invest or operate. However, it comes with greater risk. If an investor uses leverage to make an investment and the investment moves against the investor, his or her loss is much greater than it would've been if the investment had not been leveraged - leverage magnifies both gains and losses. In the business world, a company can use leverage to try to generate shareholder wealth, but if it fails to do so, the interest expense and credit risk of default destroys shareholder value.
可见leverage的大致意思是以一小部分资金作本，吸引更多资金用于投资，具体手段有保留购买、期货交易或者保证金等。花旗有一种业务叫leveraged loan，香港商报就译成“杠杆承诺”，怀疑指的就是leveraging commitments。
具体到 biomath 的问题，可能得联系上下文，才能确定到底是什么投资承诺。
agentx Local time: 17:22 Works in field Native speaker of: Chin PRO pts in category: 4
Notes to answerer
Asker: 嗯，文中就是讲怎么融资的，就是我刚才问的那个Summary of Current and Expected Funding里得内容。我觉得你和 LoyalTrans给的内容差别还不小，感觉你给的解释和文章更切合一些，帮我找到这么详细的资料介绍，真是太感谢了