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|English to Chinese translations [PRO]|
Tech/Engineering - Computers: Software
|English term or phrase: cratering|
|What if you could stop a new virus from zooming through your company — without waiting for antivirus firms to update their programs and without waiting for Microsoft's latest patches to be installed on all your PCs? |
One vendor that specializes in helping enterprises patch Windows has developed a method to do just that. It's called "cratering."
How Cratering Works
Cratering takes advantage of the fact that Windows NT, 2000, XP, and 2003 support a feature known as Access Control Lists (ACLs). These lists, which reside on PCs and control which files can be accessed, can be modified by network adminstrators at a distance. With the proper software tools, an admin can remotely change the ACLs on hundreds or thousands of PCs in a corporate network without leaving his or her desk.
Using ACLs to halt virus activity has best been described by Leiberman & Associates, a Beverly Hills, Calif., company that sells enterprise-level PC management software to do the job. But the technique can also be performed using free software programs.
• Set ACLs to "Deny." Using Cacls.exe, a command-line utility built into Windows, or other tools that are described below, set the ACL for the virus executable to Deny for all users. This prevents any user, or even the operating system itself, from running the executable again. To stop the instance that's already running, reboot the PC. The virus won't start again, even if it's listed in a Run line of the Registry, because access to the file has been denied. In a word, the virus has been "cratered."
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