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10:08 Feb 20, 2006
This question was closed without grading. Reason: Answer found elsewhere
English to Chinese translations [PRO] Tech/Engineering - IT (Information Technology) / Microsoft Office 12
English term or phrase: XML reference schema
Parts can be of different physical content types. Parts used to describe Office program data are stored as XML. These parts conform to the XML reference schema that defines the associated Office feature or object.
题外话: 实际上英文"schema"的基本义与"scheme"(a set of rules for planning or judging something)没有太大分别。虽然现在说的IT的术语，但相信或多或少都引用了"schema"原有的意思。我所碰到过的"schema"用法制的其实就是一种“参考”。所以Shang的说法也正确，只不过这个译法可能流通量较低。
以下是与IT无关的词义说明(Cambridge Adv. Learner's Dict.)：
scheme /ski:m/ noun [C]
1 MAINLY UK an officially organized plan or system:
a training/housing/play scheme
a pension/savings scheme
There's a new scheme in our town for recycling plastic bottles.
Class sizes will increase under the new scheme.
2 a plan for obtaining an advantage for yourself, especially by deceiving others:
He's got a hare-brained/crazy/daft scheme for getting rich before he's 20.
(Merriam-Webster on schema):
1 : a diagrammatic presentation; broadly : a structured framework or plan : OUTLINE
2 : a mental codification of experience that includes a particular organized way of perceiving cognitively and responding to a complex situation or set of stimuli
What is an XML Schema?
The purpose of an XML Schema is to define the legal building blocks of an XML document, just like a DTD.
defines elements that can appear in a document
defines attributes that can appear in a document
defines which elements are child elements
defines the order of child elements
defines the number of child elements
defines whether an element is empty or can include text
defines data types for elements and attributes
defines default and fixed values for elements and attributes
Naikei Wong Local time: 07:54 Native speaker of: English, Chinese PRO pts in category: 31