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English to Chinese translations [PRO] Law/Patents - Law: Patents, Trademarks, Copyright
English term or phrase:preempt
原文为: In Cipollone v. Liggett Group, Inc., the issue was whether the plaintiff's state law personal injury claims against cigarette manufacturers were preempted by the Federal Cigarette Labelling and Advertising Act.
“這些地方性法規並不應被持不同意見之較高位階州法所優位取代（pre-empted） …“因此類相關法律之位階相當夠高，而且因為迄今尚未有相關聯邦立法之制度，故沒有前述之優位取代 問題。(文章引用: Preemption of State and Local Laws on Domestic Partnership and Sexual Orientation Discrimination in Employment (8 UCLA Women’s L. J. 267 (1998).” 《國政基金會社會(研) 097-025 號》http://www.npf.org.tw/post/2/5218#_ftn154
“William K. Sessions III, Chief U.S. District Court Judge for the District of Vermont, rejected all of the manufacturers' and dealers' challenges to the state greenhouse gas emissions standards, ruling that auto manufacturers can meet the new standards adopted by California and 14 other states. Judge Sessions affirmed that Vermont's 2005 law to control greenhouse gas emissions is not preempted by the federal law. ” Source: BURLINGTON, Vermont, September 12, 2007 (ENS)
“佛蒙特州美國地方法院首席法官駁回製造商和經銷商所有對佛蒙特州溫室氣體排放標準的控訴，規定汽車製造商要符合由加州及其他14州所提出的新標準。法官證實佛蒙特州2005年對溫室氣體排放的立法，不受聯邦法所箝制 。”《台灣環境資訊中心》譯 http://e-info.org.tw/node/26501
Shirley Chen United States Local time: 18:42 Specializes in field Native speaker of: Chinese PRO pts in category: 16