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Explanation: (English, French m.) a double-reed woodwind instrument with the fingering of an oboe, pitched an octave lower (it is about 4 feet long), descending to the bottom of the bass clef (low A). It is similar to a bass oboe (also called 'baritone oboe' or 'baryton oboe'), but has a wider bore. The "general rule" for increasing the bore width when making a bass version of an instrument is to double the cross-sectional area of the bore for each octave down. The Heckelphone has a bore twice the diameter of an oboe bore. The instruments were created after composer Richard Wagner visited the Heckel factory in the 1880s and asked for an instrument that was in the range of a bass oboe and that had some of the qualities of an alphorn. By the time the instrument had been completed Wagner was dead. Fortunately, Richard Strauss 'fell under it's spell' and used it in his operas Salome and Elektra, as well as in his Alpine Symphony. Paul Hindemith wrote a trio for Heckelphone, Viola and Piano...
Καλύτερη τύχη είχε μία κατασκευή του 1876 (Heckel), του οποίου ο ήχος θεωρήθηκε εφάμιλλος εκείνου του κανονικού φαγκότου. Μία βελτιωμένη εκδοχή του 1879 χρησιμοποιήθηκε από τον Βάγκνερ στον Parsifal και απετέλεσε το πρότυπο για όλα τα μεταγενέστερα κόντρα φαγκότα.