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xenograft

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19:42 Feb 5, 2009
English to Japanese translations [PRO]
Medical - Medical (general)
Additional field(s): Medical: Cardiology
English term or phrase: xenograft
Definition from University of South Carolina:
tissue taken from another species, treated and implanted

Example sentence(s):
  • Reports indicate that cryopreserved aortic valve allografts have a better long-term survivability than other bioprostheses, such as the porcine xenograft. Unlike xenografts, allograft valves do not require treatment with glutaraldehyde and may therefore retain much of their original mechanical function. American Assoc. for Thoracic Surgerry
  • Persistent expression of human genes by the xenografts at higher passages was assessed by RT-PCR amplification of the human β–globin gene. This xenograft model was used in the preclinical evaluation of an adenoviral vector containing a β-galactosidase reporter gene and a wild-type p53 gene. ScienceDirect
  • A transparent window chamber allowed noninvasive microscopic observation of human tumor xenograft tissue in athymic nude mice. The xenografts were derived from the LS174T colon carcinoma cell line shown to express CEA in vitro (18) and in vivo (19–21). The National Academy of Sciences
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This question was created by:
Enrique
Enrique
Argentina


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Summary of translations provided
5 +1異種移植片
Aogara


  

Translations offered


88 days   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +1
異種移植片


Definition from 臓器移植関連用語集:
種の異なる動物間で移植される臓器または組織。ヒトからヒトへの臓器移植(同種移植)では慢性的な臓器不足が問題となっているが、異種移植の進歩により、その一部は解決される可能性がある。

Example sentence(s):
  • マクロファージは自然な免疫系の付加的な構成要素ですが、これもまた異種移植片を急速に破壊します。そこでブタのキメリズムのヒト以外の霊長類への移植が邪魔されているのです。ヒトの白血球抗原分子によって遺伝子改変されたブタの潜在的な効用である NK 細胞が仲介する拒絶反応を妨げるという点は、目下大いに研究されています。 - 世界のヒトの異種移植(臓器  
  • ドナーとする動物については、動物種の選択、飼育環境の整備、微生物学的検査等を適切に行い、動物への病原体の感染を防ぐこと。また、異種移植片の採取・調製は、病原体の混入を防ぐ適切な環境の下で実施し、更に、異種移植片に対して可能な限りのスクリーニングを行うことにより、病原体が移植患者に感染する危険性を最小限に抑えること。 - 異種移植の実施に伴う公衆衛  
Aogara
United Kingdom
Local time: 07:22
Native speaker of: Japanese
PRO pts in category: 16

Votes in favor of/against selecting this as the best translation of the term asked
Yes  crossroad
547 days
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