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civil liability

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14:34 Aug 1, 2004
This question was closed without grading. Reason: No acceptable answer

English to Latin translations [PRO]
Law/Patents - Law (general) / Legal Latin
English term or phrase: civil liability
Dear colleagues,

how would you express in Legal Latin the concept of "civil liability" for a deceit/fraud? I know one can be tempted to create the term "responsabilitas civilis" but I am looking for something that has already been used.

Thank you!

Flavio
flaviofbg
Spain
Local time: 11:19
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Summary of answers provided
5deminutio
Joseph Brazauskas
2litis or litium aestimatio
Robert Tucker


  

Answers


2 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 2/5Answerer confidence 2/5
litis or litium aestimatio


Explanation:
Probably the only from of fine issued under the Roman justice system, from what I have read on the Internet.

Whether another Latin term has been invented since Roman times ... ?

... 2: i. e. a commutation of corporal punishment for a fine, id. de Or. 1, 54, 232 .--So esp. litis or litium aestimatio, in Roman civil law, an estimating, valuation of the contested matter; in criminal law also, the stating how much the convicted person had to pay, an assessment of damages, Cic. Clu. 41, 116; id. Verr. 2, 2, 18, § 45 (cf. lis aestimata, id. ib. ...

Perseus Tufts (aestimatio)

For fraud and deceit:

Fraus et dolus nemini patrocianari debent. Fraud and deceit should excuse no man.

www.wordiq.com/dictionary/Maxim

falsicrimen

1.(Civ. Law) The crime of falsifying.

www.webster-dictionary.org/definition/Falsicrimen

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Note added at 2004-08-01 17:31:11 (GMT)
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... only form of fine ...

Robert Tucker
United Kingdom
Local time: 10:19
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
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40 days   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
deminutio


Explanation:
'Liability' (lit., 'lessening, diminution'), followed by the type of liability in the genitive, e.g. 'deminutio capitis' = 'loss of civil rights'.

Joseph Brazauskas
United States
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in SpanishSpanish
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