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|English to Latvian translations [PRO]|
Transport / Transportation / Shipping
|English term or phrase: All prices are FCA, FOB, FOT, CFR and/or DDU, DDP named Port and/or settlement |
|interesee nevis termini (jo tos netulko), gan viss teikums kopumaa. Viss teikums "Unless specified otherwise, all prices are..."|
|Latvian translation:Vidas cenas ir... , ja vien nav atrunāts savādāk|
Note added at 14 h (2007-03-16 09:57:33 GMT) Post-grading
Visas cenas :)
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Local time: 03:25
|paldies par palīdzību!|
tas nozīmē,ka minētajā teikumā netiek tulkoti arī vārdi Port un settlement? (tie ietilpst jau Inkotermos)
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|all prices are fca, fob, fot, cfr and/or ddu, ddp named port and/or settlement |
Visas cenas, ja vien līgumā nav atrunāts savādāk, tiek veidotas saskaņā ar ar Starptautiskās tirdzniecības kameras starptautiskās tirdzniecības terminos noteiktajām cenu defīnijām: FCA, FOB, FOT, CFR un/vai DDU, DDP
Izmantojot starptautiskos tirdzniecības terminus spēkā esošu līgumtiesisko attiecību noslēgšanā, obligāta prasība ir norādīt šo terminu publicēšanas gadu. (piem.: Incoterms, 1998, utt.), jo terminu definīcijās var būt izmaiņas.
Starptautiskās tirdzniecības termini (Incoterms)
Incoterms -- An abbreviation of "International Commercial Terms" published by the International Chamber of Commerce. It is a set of rules for the interpretation of the most commonly used trade terms in foreign trade which parties to a contract can agree upon to avoid misunderstandings, disputes and litigation.
Daži no starptautiskās tirdzniecības praksē izmantojamiem terminiem:
FCA (Free Carrier) – Seller provides export licenses, customs clearances and port documents to first carrier (determined by buyer) in an agreed location within the export country. Useful for MultiModal Transport (MMT) in land, air, or sea. Seller pays all port and customs inspection expenses. Seller's responsibility ends with delivery to carrier. Buyer pays all expenses from point of delivery (transport, insurance, special inspections).
FOB (Free On Board) – Seller delivers customs-cleared goods with bill of lading, export license, all taxes and duties paid clean (unharmed) on board a vessel. Seller pays all expenses until goods are clean on board. Buyer determines carrier and pays the carriage (including loading expenses if part of the transport costs). Marine freight only. Best to add: "stowed and trimmed".
CFR (Cost and Freight) – Seller pays all expenses and transport costs to port of discharge. But responsibility for damage or loss or additional expenses is buyer's after goods loaded and stowed under deck. Seller obtains customs and port clearances, licenses, contracts with the carrier and with the insurance company regarding transport of goods to the point of loading. Buyer must obtain the import licenses, release the goods in port of discharge, issue insurance and pay for transit and inspection of goods. Marine freight only.
DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid) – Seller must deliver goods to buyer in a location within the destination country but buyer must clear them for import through the port and customs authorities. Buyers must pay all taxes and expenses related to the clearance.
DDP (Delivered Duty Paid) – Seller must deliver goods directly to buyer's location (or to any other address) after having fully cleared them for import and fully paid all taxes and expenditures related to such clearance. Best to add: "DDP-VAT unpaid" in case seller does not agree to pay the VAT.
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