Romanian translation: craniotomie cu pacientul în stare de veghe
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19:15 Mar 22, 2007
English to Romanian translations [PRO] Medical - Medical (general) / tumori cerebrale/craniotomie
English term or phrase:awake craniotomy
One of the people in my support group says that she had "an awake craniotomy" to remove her tumor. What is this procedure and why did her neurosurgeon do this?
Some patients have a tumor near a critical area of the brain, such as the center that controls speech. Studies such as functional MRI can demonstrate the location of the speech center before the operation. During surgery, however, many tumors appear to blend into the surrounding normal brain, so it is still possible to damage the speech center when attempting to completely remove the tumor.
In some hospitals and research centers, the patient is allowed to awaken after the neurosurgeon has opened the skull and dura, exposing the brain. The surface of the brain is covered with markers that identify which areas of the brain are involved in the production of speech. The patient may be given a series of words to read during surgery, but if stimulation of an area of the brain shows that the patient can no longer respond, the neurosurgeon knows that removing tumor from this area will most likely damage the speech center.
An awake craniotomy requires more time and preparation for the neurosurgeon and the operating team. Patients who may benefit from awake craniotomy usually have tumors that can be completely resected, or will respond to other therapy for any parts of the tumor that must be left behind.