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Dutch East Indiaman

Romanian translation: nava comerciala sub pavilion olandez a corporatiei Dutch East India Company care navigheaza in mod

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18:45 Mar 7, 2007
English to Romanian translations [PRO]
Ships, Sailing, Maritime
English term or phrase: Dutch East Indiaman
Over 1700 rare coins, to be sold in London on 28 October, were salvaged from the De Liefde, a Dutch East Indiaman wrecked off the Outer Skerries
clara_tm
Local time: 08:00
Romanian translation:nava comerciala sub pavilion olandez a corporatiei Dutch East India Company care navigheaza in mod
Explanation:
obisnuit in Indiile de Vest ( America si imprejurimi)

nu a incaput:)

East Indiamen
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from East Indiaman)
Jump to: navigation, search

The East Indiaman Repulse (1820) in the East India Dock Basin.An East Indiaman was a ship operating under charter or license to the British East India Company. The company itself did not generally own merchant ships, but held a monopoly granted to it by Queen Elizabeth I of England for all English trade between the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Horn, which was progressively restricted during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. British East Indiamen usually ran between England, the Cape of Good Hope and India, often continuing on their voyages to China before returning to England via the Cape of Good Hope. Main ports visited in India were Mumbai (then Bombay), Madras and Kolkata then Calcutta.

East Indiamen were designed to carry both passengers and goods and to defend themselves against piracy, and so constituted a special class of ship. In the period of the Napoleonic Wars they were often painted to resemble warships, and some carried a sizable armament. A number of these ships were in fact acquired by the Royal Navy, and in some cases they successfully fought off attacks by the French. One of the most celebrated of these incidents occurred in 1804, when a fleet of East Indiamen and other merchant vessels successfully fought off a marauding squadron commanded by Admiral Linois in the Indian Ocean. The event is dramatised in Patrick O'Brian's novel HMS Surprise.

East Indiamen were the largest merchant ships regularly built during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, generally measuring between 1100 and 1400 registered tons. Two of the largest were the Earl of Mansfield and Lascelles being built at Deptford in 1795. Both were purchased by the Royal Navy, completed as a 56-gun Fourth Rate Ship of the Line, and renamed Weymouth and Madras respectively. They measured 1426 tons on dimensions of approximately 175 feet overall length of hull, 144 feet keel, 43 feet beam, 17 feet draft.

Another significant East Indiaman in this period was the 1176-ton Lord Warley that was being built at the Perry yard at Blackwall in 1795 when sold to the Royal Navy and renamed HMS Calcutta. In 1803 she was employed as a transport to establish a settlement at Port Phillip and during the following year moved it to Hobart Town in Tasmania. HMS Calcutta was seized by French forces in 1805 and sunk by the Royal Navy off Sicily in 1809.

Due to the need to carry heavy cannon the hull of the East Indiamen, in common with most warships of the time, was much wider at the waterline than at the upper deck, so that guns carried on the upper deck were closer to the centre-line to aid stability. This is known as tumblehome. The ships normally had two complete decks for accommodation within the hull and a raised poop deck. The poop deck and the deck below it were lit with square-windowed galleries at the stern. To support the weight of the galleries, the hull lines towards the stern were full. Later ships built without this feature tended to sail faster, which put the East Indiamen at a commercial disadvantage once the need for heavy armament passed.

With the progressive restriction of the monopoly of the British East India Company the desire to build such large armed ships for commercial use waned, and during the late 1830s a smaller, faster ship known as a Blackwall Frigate was built for the premium end of the India and China trades.

The shipwreck of one of the largest East Indiamen, the Earl of Abergavenny, is located at Weymouth Bay, in England.

The word is also used as a translation of the Dutch Oostindiëvaarder of the Dutch East India Company.

Dutch East India Company
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the trading company. For the record label, see Dutch East India Trading.

Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic.The Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie or VOC in Dutch, literally "United East Indies Company") was established in 1602, when the Estates-General of the Netherlands granted it a 21-year monopoly to carry out colonial activities in Asia. It was the first multinational corporation in the world and the first company to issue stock. It remained an important trading concern for almost two centuries, paying an 18% annual dividend for almost 200 years, until it became bankrupt and was formally dissolved in 1800,[1] its possessions and the debt being taken over by the government of the

Selected response from:

Anca Nitu
Local time: 01:00
Grading comment
Multumesc!
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
4 +4nava comerciala sub pavilion olandez a corporatiei Dutch East India Company care navigheaza in modAnca Nitu


  

Answers


38 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +4
dutch east indiaman
nava comerciala sub pavilion olandez a corporatiei Dutch East India Company care navigheaza in mod


Explanation:
obisnuit in Indiile de Vest ( America si imprejurimi)

nu a incaput:)

East Indiamen
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from East Indiaman)
Jump to: navigation, search

The East Indiaman Repulse (1820) in the East India Dock Basin.An East Indiaman was a ship operating under charter or license to the British East India Company. The company itself did not generally own merchant ships, but held a monopoly granted to it by Queen Elizabeth I of England for all English trade between the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Horn, which was progressively restricted during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. British East Indiamen usually ran between England, the Cape of Good Hope and India, often continuing on their voyages to China before returning to England via the Cape of Good Hope. Main ports visited in India were Mumbai (then Bombay), Madras and Kolkata then Calcutta.

East Indiamen were designed to carry both passengers and goods and to defend themselves against piracy, and so constituted a special class of ship. In the period of the Napoleonic Wars they were often painted to resemble warships, and some carried a sizable armament. A number of these ships were in fact acquired by the Royal Navy, and in some cases they successfully fought off attacks by the French. One of the most celebrated of these incidents occurred in 1804, when a fleet of East Indiamen and other merchant vessels successfully fought off a marauding squadron commanded by Admiral Linois in the Indian Ocean. The event is dramatised in Patrick O'Brian's novel HMS Surprise.

East Indiamen were the largest merchant ships regularly built during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, generally measuring between 1100 and 1400 registered tons. Two of the largest were the Earl of Mansfield and Lascelles being built at Deptford in 1795. Both were purchased by the Royal Navy, completed as a 56-gun Fourth Rate Ship of the Line, and renamed Weymouth and Madras respectively. They measured 1426 tons on dimensions of approximately 175 feet overall length of hull, 144 feet keel, 43 feet beam, 17 feet draft.

Another significant East Indiaman in this period was the 1176-ton Lord Warley that was being built at the Perry yard at Blackwall in 1795 when sold to the Royal Navy and renamed HMS Calcutta. In 1803 she was employed as a transport to establish a settlement at Port Phillip and during the following year moved it to Hobart Town in Tasmania. HMS Calcutta was seized by French forces in 1805 and sunk by the Royal Navy off Sicily in 1809.

Due to the need to carry heavy cannon the hull of the East Indiamen, in common with most warships of the time, was much wider at the waterline than at the upper deck, so that guns carried on the upper deck were closer to the centre-line to aid stability. This is known as tumblehome. The ships normally had two complete decks for accommodation within the hull and a raised poop deck. The poop deck and the deck below it were lit with square-windowed galleries at the stern. To support the weight of the galleries, the hull lines towards the stern were full. Later ships built without this feature tended to sail faster, which put the East Indiamen at a commercial disadvantage once the need for heavy armament passed.

With the progressive restriction of the monopoly of the British East India Company the desire to build such large armed ships for commercial use waned, and during the late 1830s a smaller, faster ship known as a Blackwall Frigate was built for the premium end of the India and China trades.

The shipwreck of one of the largest East Indiamen, the Earl of Abergavenny, is located at Weymouth Bay, in England.

The word is also used as a translation of the Dutch Oostindiëvaarder of the Dutch East India Company.

Dutch East India Company
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the trading company. For the record label, see Dutch East India Trading.

Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic.The Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie or VOC in Dutch, literally "United East Indies Company") was established in 1602, when the Estates-General of the Netherlands granted it a 21-year monopoly to carry out colonial activities in Asia. It was the first multinational corporation in the world and the first company to issue stock. It remained an important trading concern for almost two centuries, paying an 18% annual dividend for almost 200 years, until it became bankrupt and was formally dissolved in 1800,[1] its possessions and the debt being taken over by the government of the



Anca Nitu
Local time: 01:00
Native speaker of: Native in RomanianRomanian
PRO pts in category: 43
Grading comment
Multumesc!

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  lucca: ! Dar: ...Company, care a naufragiat lângă / în apropiere de Outer Slerries.
8 mins
  -> sigur :)

agree  Elena Iercoşan
21 mins
  -> multumesc

agree  Cristian Brinza: cu mentiunea ca "Indiile de Vest" nu sunt acelasi lucru cu "East India"
23 mins
  -> WOW, m-am zapacit de tot, ai perfecta dreptate :)

agree  Tudor Soiman: fără America, doar "împrejurimi", în sensul în care Oceanul Indian sânt împrejurimi, adică tot pe Pământ :-)
11 hrs
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