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civil commitment/ the contours of the test

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10:54 Aug 13, 2004
English to Spanish translations [PRO]
Law/Patents - Law (general)
English term or phrase: civil commitment/ the contours of the test
párrafo pertenenciente a un subcapitulo de manual derecho penal que habla de diminished capacity (incapacidad legal?)
consuelo
Local time: 21:07
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Summary of answers provided
5reclusión/internamiento en institución no carcelariaManuel Cedeño Berrueta


  

Answers


1 hr   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
reclusión/internamiento en institución no carcelaria


Explanation:

Saludos cordiales,
Manuel
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Diagnosed as recidivist predators, confined to prison-like treatment programs, and rarely released. - Some say this so-called civil commitment is a legal chimera, an unconstitutional hybrid that confuses criminal responsibility with mental disability. Others claim that sex offenders can be, and often are, both bad and mad, and that this kind of incarceration is the best way to protect communities. Civil commitment versus civil rights this hour on The Connection. http://www.theconnection.org/shows/2003/11/20031126_a_main.a...
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Introduction - On January 1, 1999, a new Missouri law went into effect that attempts to protect the state from sexually violent predators.1
The new law revised Missouri's sex offender registration statute as and provided for the civil commitment of sexually violent predators.2 THE CIVIL COMMITMENT PORTION ALLOWS THE STATE TO COMMIT PERSONS WHO ARE CONVICTED OF CERTAIN CRIMES OF A SEXUAL NATURE AND PLACE THEM IN STATE MENTAL FACILITIES after they have served their criminal sentence, so long as they are found to have a mental defect which makes them predisposed to commit sexually violent offenses.3 The law is patterned after a Kansas statute passed in 1994.4 The United States Supreme Court found this statute constitutional in Kansas v. Hendricks.5 - While legislatures may find acts such as these to be a positive step in removing sexually violent predators from society, the task could be accomplished with laws and resources already available. While the Supreme Court has found these statutes to be constitutional, civil commitment of sexually violent predators creates an unnecessary system of trials, investigations, examinations, and pseudo-incarceration that could be accomplished under the system currently in place through the use changes in the law and increased prison terms -- all at less cost. http://www.mobar.org/journal/1999/novdec/bilbrey.htm; http://www.google.com.ve/search?hl=es&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&q=“c... //
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56. Una disposición regula la cuestión de la ejecución de las penas privativas de libertad en los centros de internamiento del Servicio de Prisiones y Libertad Vigilada y en instituciones o establecimientos al margen de dicho Servicio. En esta disposición se exige que los delincuentes convictos menores de 18 años sean **RECLUIDOS EN UNA INSTITUCIÓN NO CARCELARIA** a menos que consideraciones fundamentales relacionadas con la ejecución de la pena desaconsejen su ***internamiento en una institución distinta de la prisión***. Esta disposición debe observarse a la luz de las obligaciones contraídas por Dinamarca con arreglo a la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño de las Naciones Unidas. La cuestión de la reclusión de los jóvenes de 15 a 17 años se examina con detalle más adelante. www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/898586b1dc7b4043c1256a450044f331/...$FILE/G0044574.do; // http://www.google.com.ve/search?hl=es&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&q=re...



Manuel Cedeño Berrueta
Local time: 22:07
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in SpanishSpanish
PRO pts in category: 192
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