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13:31 Aug 19, 2008
English to Tagalog translations [Non-PRO]
History / history
English term or phrase: phoenician
Phoenicia (Phoenician: כנענ, Canaan or Kana'an, nonstandardly, Phenicia; pronounced /fɨˈnɪʃiə/[1], Greek: Φοινίκη: Phoiníkē, Latin: Phœnicia) was an ancient civilization centered in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coastal region of modern day Lebanon and Syria. Phoenician civilization was an enterprising maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean between the period of 1550 BC to 300 BC. Though ancient boundaries of such city-centered cultures fluctuated, the city of Tyre seems to have been the southernmost. Sarepta (modern day Sarafand) between Sidon and Tyre,which are both located in lebanon, is the most thoroughly excavated city of the Phoenician homeland. The Phoenicians often traded by means of a galley, a man-powered sailing vessel and are credited with the invention of the bireme.[2]

It is uncertain to what extent the Phoenicians viewed themselves as a single ethnicity. Their civilization was organized in city-states, similar to ancient Greece. Each city-state was an independent unit politically, although they could come into conflict, be dominated by another city-state, or collaborate in leagues or alliances. Tyre and Sidon were the most powerful of the Phoenician states in the Levant, but were not as powerful as the North African ones.[citation needed]

The Phoenicians were also the first state level society to make extensive use of the alphabet, and the Canaanite-Phoenician alphabet is generally believed to be the ancestor of all modern alphabets. Phoenicians spoke the Phoenician language, which belongs to the group of Canaanite languages in the Semitic language family. Through their maritime trade, the Phoenicians spread the use of the alphabet to North Africa and Europe where it was adopted by the Greeks, who later passed it on to the Romans and Etruscans.[3] In addition to their many inscriptions, the Phoenicians wrote many books, which have not survived. Evangelical Preparation by Eusebius of Caesarea quotes extensively from Philo of Byblos and Sanchuniathon.

Summary of answers provided
5 +1Fenicio/taga-Phoenicia/taga-Fenicia
Ria Holmgeirsson

Discussion entries: 1



52 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5

The history of the Phoenicians begins after the Flood with Noah’s grandson Canaan, a son of Ham. Canaan became the progenitor of 11 tribes, one of these, the Sidonians, being the descendants of Canaan’s firstborn, Sidon. (Ge 10:15-18; 1Ch 1:13-16) The Sidonians were therefore Canaanites. (Jos 13:4-6; Jg 10:12) They themselves, and others too, called their land Canaan. On a coin of the time of Antiochus Epiphanes the Syrophoenician city of Laodicea is described as “a mother city of Canaan.”
However, in time the Greeks preferred to call these Canaanite Sidonians by yet another term, Phoenicians. So it was that Canaanite, Sidonian, and Phoenician were names sometimes used interchangeably for the same people. In Isaiah’s prophecy, for example, Phoenicia is termed “Canaan.”—Isa 23:11; JP; RS; NW, ftn.

Note added at 56 mins (2008-08-19 14:28:05 GMT)

If you prefer to use Cannanites, you can say: "Canaanita"

Example sentence(s):
  • NEW WORLD TRANSLATION: Isaiah 23:11: "His hand he has stretched out over the sea; he has caused kingdoms to be agitated. Jehovah himself has given a command against Phoe‧ni′cia, to annihilate her strongholds"
  • NEW WORLD TRANSLATIONIsaias 23:11: "Ang kaniyang kamay ay ininunat niya sa ibabaw ng dagat; niligalig niya ang mga kaharian. Si Jehova mismo ay nagbigay ng utos laban sa Fenicia, na gibain ang kaniyang mga moog."
Ria Holmgeirsson
Local time: 07:19
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in TagalogTagalog
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12 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +1

1. Fenicio, if based on Spanish.
2. Tagalog: "taga-Phoenicia" or "taga-Fenicia"

Note added at 12 hrs (2008-08-20 02:18:05 GMT)

the Tagalog prefix "taga-" means "native of" or "resident of"

Local time: 13:19
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in TagalogTagalog

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  unica
5 days
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PRO (2): Ria Holmgeirsson, dencruise

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