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la référence immuable

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21:38 Mar 21, 2002
French to English translations [PRO]
Bus/Financial / financial journalism
French term or phrase: la référence immuable
Depuis le XXX est la référence immuable de la presse économique presse.
mckinnc
Local time: 17:09
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Summary of answers provided
4 +3immutable (point of) reference
swisstell
5constant referenceJane Lamb-Ruiz
4permanent reference source / reference item
Yakov Tomara
4standard bearer
R. A. Stegemann
4consistent reference; authoritative reference; prescribed referenceDeb Phillips
4firm reference
Parrot


Discussion entries: 3





  

Answers


3 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +3
immutable (point of) reference


Explanation:
immutability stands for something that is not being changed, which is rigid


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Note added at 2002-03-21 21:48:57 (GMT)
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xxx is being invariably referred to

swisstell
Italy
Local time: 17:09
Native speaker of: German
PRO pts in pair: 921
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Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Deb Phillips
8 mins
  -> thank you, Deb.

agree  Dr. Chrys Chrystello
1 hr
  -> obrigado, Doutor!

agree  Karina Pelech
3 hrs
  -> thank you, ABC!

neutral  R. A. Stegemann: Where is your sense of journalistic flair? What you write is not wrong, but it lacks journalistic sytle.
8 hrs
  -> Hamro, your journalistic flair is reflected in your "sytle" ...
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4 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
firm reference


Explanation:
of the economic press.

Parrot
Spain
Local time: 17:09
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 1861
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33 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
constant reference


Explanation:
OR
unchallenged reference

may be overdone but...if your talking about the FT...
the question is: is it immutable because it doesn't change or immutable because others put it in that position? In which case, unchallenged

Jane Lamb-Ruiz
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in PortuguesePortuguese
PRO pts in pair: 8576
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50 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
consistent reference; authoritative reference; prescribed reference


Explanation:
imperturbable, fixe,
certain, unchanging, consistent, established, unwavering, steadfast, steady, resolute, consonant,unalterable, immutable, authoritative, designated, prescribed, irrevocable, irreversible. The word translates directly as unchanging. Immutable is perfect.
Prescribes is not = immuable.


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Note added at 2002-03-21 22:33:11 (GMT)
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POINT OF REFERENCE - sorry, careless, sounds much better with point of, not ference standing alone, unless authoritative reference, prescribed reference.

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Note added at 2002-03-21 22:34:01 (GMT)
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reference - my keys must have stuck.

Deb Phillips
PRO pts in pair: 27
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8 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
standard bearer


Explanation:
If it is the leading firm of a particular industry, then "standard bearer" would be particularly appropriate. It is a military term which is often employed in both economics and finance to denote the leader -- the one everyone should be following, the firm against which all other firm's performances are compared.



R. A. Stegemann
Saudi Arabia
Local time: 00:09
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 168
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11 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
permanent reference source / reference item


Explanation:
Depends on your context.

"Permanent" may well be replaced with some descriptive phrase or adverb.

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Note added at 2002-03-22 09:08:06 (GMT)
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E g \"has always been\", \"has permanently been\", \"didn\'t cease to be\" or the like.

Yakov Tomara
Ukraine
Local time: 18:09
Native speaker of: Native in RussianRussian
PRO pts in pair: 228
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