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French to English translations [PRO] Bus/Financial 

French term or phrase: aliquote  Dans le domaine des impôts, l’on observe: a) une réduction de la progressivité des impôts directs; b) une réorientation des subsides et des privilèges fiscaux, du travail au capital, du consommateur aux entreprises, de la demande à l’offre; c) augmentation de la base d’incidence et des aliquotes des impôts indirects considérés plus justes et volontaires; d) élimination partielle des impôts qui incident sur le commerce extérieur.
I hope this context is sufficient. All help welcome!
I just want to know what 'aliquote' means in English.
Thanks in advance! 
 Sheila HardieKudoZ activityQuestions: 760 ( 6 open) ( 7 without valid answers) ( 19 closed without grading) Answers: 2951 Spain
  Local time: 04:44

 The first answerer is right!  Explanation: 1 – généralité
aliquot aliquote adj.
Déf. :Se dit d'une partie d'un corps supposée homogène, contenue un nombre entier de fois dans le tout, par exemple dans un composé ou dans une solution. (A)
Note :Il s'agit en général d'une fraction prélevée pour analyse
2 – géénralité
aliquotSyn.proportional partTerme(s) apparenté(s)isolate aliquote n. f.Syn.partie aliquote n. f. Terme(s) apparenté(s)portion n. f.
Déf. :Partie quelconque non individualisée d'une grandeur, d'un nombre, d'une collectivité
http://www.mw.com/cgibin/dictionary
One entry found for aliquot.
Main Entry: al·i·quot
Pronunciation: 'al&"kwät, kw&t
Function: adjective
Etymology: Medieval Latin aliquotus, from Latin aliquot some, several, from alius other + quot how many  more at ELSE, QUOTE
Date: 1570
1 : contained an exact number of times in something else  used of a divisor or part <5 is an aliquot part of 15> <an aliquot portion of a solution>
2 : FRACTIONAL <an aliquot part of invested capital>
 aliquot noun
http://www.cuttheknot.com/glossary/atop.html
http://www.cuttheknot.com/SimpleGames/Aliquot.html
Aliquot Game
Aliquot part is another name for a proper divisor, i.e. any divisor of a given number other than the number itself. A prime number has only one aliquot part  the number 1. 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 are all aliquot parts of 12. The number 1 does not have aliquot parts. In the Aliquot game, players take turns subtracting an aliquot part of the number left by their opponent. The winner is the last player able to perform such a subtraction. The loser is the player left with a number that has no aliquot parts  1. Thus the objective of the game is to leave your opponent without a move. What is the winning strategy?
http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/help/glossary.asp
Aliquot Parts
"Aliquot Parts" are a notation used by rectangular survey system to represent the exact subdivision of a section of land. Aliquot parts are described as a half or quarter of the largest subdivision of the section, except fractional lots which cannot be described by aliquot parts. States were divided into townships containing 6 square miles and subdivided into 36 sections, each containing 640 acres. Sections were further subdivided into half sections, quartersections, and sixteenthsections or into lots, until the piece of land was accurately described.
Sections subdivided into halves are represented as N, S, E, and W (such as "the north half of section 5") or quarters of a section are represented as NW, SW, NE, and SE (such as "the northwest quarter of section 5").
Sometimes, several Aliquot Parts are required to accurately describe a piece of land. For example,"E½ SW¼ " denotes the east half of the southwest quarter (containing 80 acres), and SW¼NE¼NE¼" denotes the southwest quarter of the northeast quarter of the northeast quarter (containing 10 acres).
In general: a section contains 640 acres, a half section contains 320 acres, a quarter section contains 160 acres, a half of a quarter section contains 80 acres, and a quarter of a quarter contains 40 acres, etc.
Irregular tracts of land not generally described by conventional aliquot parts are a lot, a tract, or a small holding claim. It is important to remember that the aliquot parts shown in the patent data usually translate into words found on the land document.
In general: a section contains 640 acres, a half section contains 320 acres, a quarter section contains 160 acres, a half of a quarter section contains 80 acres, and a quarter of a quarter contains 40 acres, etc.

 Selected response from: Nikki ScottDespaigne Local time: 04:44
 Grading comment Wow! What a complete answer! Many thanks. I have learnt a lot about aliquot today!
Merci à tous,
Sheila 4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer 
 
Discussion entries: 0 

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18 mins confidence: peer agreement (net): +1
46 mins confidence: peer agreement (net): 2 The first answerer is right!
Explanation: 1 – généralité
aliquot aliquote adj.
Déf. :Se dit d'une partie d'un corps supposée homogène, contenue un nombre entier de fois dans le tout, par exemple dans un composé ou dans une solution. (A)
Note :Il s'agit en général d'une fraction prélevée pour analyse
2 – géénralité
aliquotSyn.proportional partTerme(s) apparenté(s)isolate aliquote n. f.Syn.partie aliquote n. f. Terme(s) apparenté(s)portion n. f.
Déf. :Partie quelconque non individualisée d'une grandeur, d'un nombre, d'une collectivité
http://www.mw.com/cgibin/dictionary
One entry found for aliquot.
Main Entry: al·i·quot
Pronunciation: 'al&"kwät, kw&t
Function: adjective
Etymology: Medieval Latin aliquotus, from Latin aliquot some, several, from alius other + quot how many  more at ELSE, QUOTE
Date: 1570
1 : contained an exact number of times in something else  used of a divisor or part <5 is an aliquot part of 15> <an aliquot portion of a solution>
2 : FRACTIONAL <an aliquot part of invested capital>
 aliquot noun
http://www.cuttheknot.com/glossary/atop.html
http://www.cuttheknot.com/SimpleGames/Aliquot.html
Aliquot Game
Aliquot part is another name for a proper divisor, i.e. any divisor of a given number other than the number itself. A prime number has only one aliquot part  the number 1. 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 are all aliquot parts of 12. The number 1 does not have aliquot parts. In the Aliquot game, players take turns subtracting an aliquot part of the number left by their opponent. The winner is the last player able to perform such a subtraction. The loser is the player left with a number that has no aliquot parts  1. Thus the objective of the game is to leave your opponent without a move. What is the winning strategy?
http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/help/glossary.asp
Aliquot Parts
"Aliquot Parts" are a notation used by rectangular survey system to represent the exact subdivision of a section of land. Aliquot parts are described as a half or quarter of the largest subdivision of the section, except fractional lots which cannot be described by aliquot parts. States were divided into townships containing 6 square miles and subdivided into 36 sections, each containing 640 acres. Sections were further subdivided into half sections, quartersections, and sixteenthsections or into lots, until the piece of land was accurately described.
Sections subdivided into halves are represented as N, S, E, and W (such as "the north half of section 5") or quarters of a section are represented as NW, SW, NE, and SE (such as "the northwest quarter of section 5").
Sometimes, several Aliquot Parts are required to accurately describe a piece of land. For example,"E½ SW¼ " denotes the east half of the southwest quarter (containing 80 acres), and SW¼NE¼NE¼" denotes the southwest quarter of the northeast quarter of the northeast quarter (containing 10 acres).
In general: a section contains 640 acres, a half section contains 320 acres, a quarter section contains 160 acres, a half of a quarter section contains 80 acres, and a quarter of a quarter contains 40 acres, etc.
Irregular tracts of land not generally described by conventional aliquot parts are a lot, a tract, or a small holding claim. It is important to remember that the aliquot parts shown in the patent data usually translate into words found on the land document.
In general: a section contains 640 acres, a half section contains 320 acres, a quarter section contains 160 acres, a half of a quarter section contains 80 acres, and a quarter of a quarter contains 40 acres, etc.
   Grading comment Wow! What a complete answer! Many thanks. I have learnt a lot about aliquot today!
Merci à tous,
Sheila 

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2 hrs confidence:
6 hrs confidence: taxrate/rate
Explanation: the word is commonly used in Italian too (aliquota as in the French aliquote) and it simply means the rate at which taxes (or certain taxes are levied),the percentage in which taxes are levied.
It is common usage in Italian, believe me. I don`t know in France`s French, however, but it would appear to cover the same semantic space, coming as it does from Latin.
Paola Ludovici MacQuarrie
Hull, Québec
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