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|French to English translations [PRO]|
History / Ancient Egypt
|French term or phrase: ferme, fermier|
|In an article about the Ptolemies and their tax system. Context: "Une des grandes nouveautés introduites par les Grecs en Égypte est le principe de la *ferme*, attesté par le papyrus des Revenue Laws. Certains impôts sont ainsi prélevés non plus par des fonctionnaires royaux, mais par un particulier, un *fermier*. Ce mode de prélèvement correspond à une volonté des Ptolémée de recevoir un impôt en |
monnaie sonnante et trébuchante, et non plus en nature à la façon égyptienne." I understand that this refers to 'farming out' debts, but what would you call this process, the "ferme", and the person who did this, the "fermier", please? Any help gratefuly received.
|English translation:tax collection, farmer of the revenues|
Farmer \Farm"er\, n. [Cf. F. fermier.]
One who farms; as:
(c) One who takes taxes, customs, excise, or other duties, to collect, either paying a fixed annuual rent for the privilege; as, a farmer of the revenues.
(d) (Mining) The lord of the field, or one who farms the lot and cope of the crown.
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|Thanks for your help|
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