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unverstrichene Parachillärgruben

English translation: calcaneal sulci

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
German term or phrase:parachilläre Gruben
English translation:calcaneal sulci
Entered by: Johanna Timm, PhD
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03:39 Aug 22, 2002
German to English translations [PRO]
Medical / lower extremities
German term or phrase: unverstrichene Parachillärgruben
Medical report dealing with various injuries to the abdomen and lower extremities

Die Sprung-und Wurzelgelenke sind unauffällig, die Rückfüsse orthograd eingestellt, und es finden sich unverstrichene Parachillärgruben.

What does "unverstrichen" mean in this context, and are these parachillary grooves?
Johanna Timm, PhD
Canada
Local time: 00:53
calcaneal sulcus (the calanceal sulci are unobstructed)
Explanation:
The Calcaneus (os calcis) (Figs. 264 to 267).—The calcaneus is the largest of the tarsal bones. It is situated at the lower and back part of the foot, serving to transmit the weight of the body to the ground, and forming a strong lever for the muscles of the calf. It is irregularly cuboidal in form, having its long axis directed forward and lateralward; it presents for examination six surfaces. 3





FIG. 266– Left calcaneus, lateral surface. (See enlarged image)






FIG. 267– Left calcaneus, medial surface. (See enlarged image)


Surfaces.—The superior surface extends behind on to that part of the bone which projects backward to form the heel. This varies in length in different individuals, is convex from side to side, concave from before backward, and supports a mass of fat placed in front of the tendo calcaneus. In front of this area is a large usually somewhat oval-shaped facet, the posterior articular surface, which looks upward and forward; it is convex from behind forward, and articulates with the posterior calcaneal facet on the under surface of the talus. It is bounded anteriorly by a deep depression which is continued backward and medialward in the form of a groove, the calcaneal sulcus. In the articulated foot this sulcus lies below a similar one on the under surface of the talus, and the two form a canal (sinus tarsi) for the lodgement of the interosseous talocalcaneal ligament. In front and to the medial side of this groove is an elongated facet, concave from behind forward, and with its long axis directed forward and lateralward. This facet is frequently divided into two by a notch: of the two, the posterior, and larger is termed the middle articular surface; it is supported on a projecting process of bone, the sustentaculum tali, and articulates with the middle calcaneal facet on the under surface of the talus; the anterior articular surface is placed on the anterior part of the body, and articulates with the anterior calcaneal facet on the talus. The upper surface, anterior and lateral to the facets, is rough for the attachment of ligaments and for the origin of the Extensor digitorum brevis.
Selected response from:

Dr Janine Manuel BSc BHB MBChB
New Zealand
Local time: 19:53
Grading comment
Again, my heartfelt thanks!
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
3calcaneal sulcus (the calanceal sulci are unobstructed)
Dr Janine Manuel BSc BHB MBChB


  

Answers


8 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
calcaneal sulcus (the calanceal sulci are unobstructed)


Explanation:
The Calcaneus (os calcis) (Figs. 264 to 267).—The calcaneus is the largest of the tarsal bones. It is situated at the lower and back part of the foot, serving to transmit the weight of the body to the ground, and forming a strong lever for the muscles of the calf. It is irregularly cuboidal in form, having its long axis directed forward and lateralward; it presents for examination six surfaces. 3





FIG. 266– Left calcaneus, lateral surface. (See enlarged image)






FIG. 267– Left calcaneus, medial surface. (See enlarged image)


Surfaces.—The superior surface extends behind on to that part of the bone which projects backward to form the heel. This varies in length in different individuals, is convex from side to side, concave from before backward, and supports a mass of fat placed in front of the tendo calcaneus. In front of this area is a large usually somewhat oval-shaped facet, the posterior articular surface, which looks upward and forward; it is convex from behind forward, and articulates with the posterior calcaneal facet on the under surface of the talus. It is bounded anteriorly by a deep depression which is continued backward and medialward in the form of a groove, the calcaneal sulcus. In the articulated foot this sulcus lies below a similar one on the under surface of the talus, and the two form a canal (sinus tarsi) for the lodgement of the interosseous talocalcaneal ligament. In front and to the medial side of this groove is an elongated facet, concave from behind forward, and with its long axis directed forward and lateralward. This facet is frequently divided into two by a notch: of the two, the posterior, and larger is termed the middle articular surface; it is supported on a projecting process of bone, the sustentaculum tali, and articulates with the middle calcaneal facet on the under surface of the talus; the anterior articular surface is placed on the anterior part of the body, and articulates with the anterior calcaneal facet on the talus. The upper surface, anterior and lateral to the facets, is rough for the attachment of ligaments and for the origin of the Extensor digitorum brevis.


Dr Janine Manuel BSc BHB MBChB
New Zealand
Local time: 19:53
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 611
Grading comment
Again, my heartfelt thanks!
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