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|German to English translations [PRO]|
Science - Zoology
|German term or phrase: Zehenballen|
|What do deer have where we have "balls of the feet"?|
"Balls of the hoof" sounds strange. Thanks in advance;)
Deutlich kleiner als beim Rothirsch (bis ca. 4,5 cm lang und 3 cm breit. Schalen drücken gleichmäßig tief ab, weil sich der *Zehenballen* bis in die Spitze zieht. Schrittlänge je nach Geschwindigkeit 0,6-1,5 m.
see e.g. (the first ref has picutures of hooves and tracks):
The two-toed ungulates superficially all look very similar and overlap considerably in size. For example, I will show you later that even though elk are clearly much larger on average than mule deer, there is sill much overlap in the size. However, attention to a few characteristics unique to hooves will help narrow the field.
Elk, for example, have a distinct rim around the edge of each clout (toe) known as the wall. The wall shows clearly in tracks and may be all that appears with a hard substrate. The small pad at the back of the clout gives way to the depressed subunguinus. This gives a distinctive hump in the track compared to deer where the pad covers most of the clout and leaves a flat bottomed track. Bison also have a prominent wall but the clout is very blunt, giving a squared off or round appearance. The pad extends further up the inside of the clout compared to elk.
Deer and elk have pointed toes that tend to nearly touch on firm ground. In contrast, the taper on the inside of the clouts for goats and pronghorn give the track a slighly spread look even when not splayed. See Halfpenny's books for more detail on clues for distinguishing ungulates.
While tracking we need to recognize the difference of the traces of each animals. Sometimes it can be quite confusing to difference the trace of the Elk and the Moose. In this article, we will learn to recognize the tracks between both of them.
Hoof print: The heavy dotted lines indicate the size of the print, the light dotted lines the extent of the pads. Length about 31/2, width about 21/4"-21/2. Females about 1/2"-3/4 smaller. The dewclaws leave no impression when the animal is walking easily. An elk can jump up to 25 feet.
The tracks of mule deer and white tailed deer are very similar: very pointed at the toe. Often the rear portion of the hoof pad does not print clearly, because deer tend to step gingerly, striking the tips of the hooves sharply downward. If terrain is soft, the dewclaws may print.
Selected response from:
Local time: 10:45
|Thanks to everyone for the assistance.|
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer
27 mins confidence: 27 mins confidence: peer agreement (net): +2
These are "Tori digitales".
Note added at 2 hrs (2007-07-05 13:22:31 GMT)
There are several 'Ballen' on the foot of, for example, a dog. Specifying "digital" distinguishes the "Zehenballen" from the other "Ballen". In German "Zehenballen" and "Fingerballen" appear to be synonyms, which justifies the use of "digital" in English. The only question then is whether "Ballen" can be translated as "cushion". As far as I understand, the "Ballen" are the tissuey, padded parts on the underside of a hoof/paw and do not additionally denote any, for example, bone. Which would make "cushion" an accurate translation. So..."digital cushions" for the padded parts of the sole of the foot which are nearest the "toes" or claws.
Local time: 09:45
Works in field
Native speaker of: English