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παρεμπίπτον βούλευμα

English translation: judicial dictum/obiter dictum

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Greek term or phrase:παρεμπίπτον βούλευμα
English translation:judicial dictum/obiter dictum
Entered by: Vicky Papaprodromou
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11:39 Apr 7, 2004
Greek to English translations [PRO]
Law/Patents - Law (general)
Greek term or phrase: παρεμπίπτον βούλευμα
"...του παρεμπίπτοντος βουλεύματος... με το οποίο διατάσσεται η άρσις απορρήτου..."

a document addressed to a bank concerning the waiver of the confidentiality of a bank account
ggrozoma
Local time: 22:50
judicial dictum
Explanation:
"This court has explained the difference between obiter dictum and judicial dictum.

"We have noted that: 'The term "dictum" is generally used as an abbreviation of obiter dictum, which means a remark or opinion uttered by the way. Such an expression or opinion as a general rule is not binding as authority or precedent within the stare decisis rule. On the other hand, an expression of opinion upon a point in a case argued by counsel and deliberately passed upon by the court, though not essential to the disposition of the cause, if dictum, is a judicial dictum. And further, a judicial dictum is entitled to much weight, and should be followed unless found to be erroneous. Even obiter dictum of a court of last resort can be tantamount to a decision and therefore binding in the absence of a contrary decision of that court.' Cates v. Cates, 156 Ill.2d 76, 80 (1993).

http://www.felahfd.com/HFDLaw/notebook/346.htm

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Note added at 18 mins (2004-04-07 11:57:42 GMT)
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Likewise, the Third Circuit Court of appeals has noted that “[a] . . . distinction has been drawn between ‘judicial dictum’ and ‘obiter dictum’: Judicial dicta are conclusions that have been briefed, argued, and given full consideration even though
admittedly unnecessary to decision. A judicial dictum may have great weight.” Cerro Metal Products v. Marshall, 620 F.2d 964, 978 n.39 (3d
Cir. 1980). Indeed, judicial dicta are of such serious consequence that some courts consider judicial dicta issued by supreme courts to be binding precedent: “A Wisconsin court has stated it thus: ‘When a court of last resort intentionally takes up, discusses, and decides a question germane to, though not necessarily decisive of, the controversy, such decision is not a dictum but is a judicial act of the court which it will thereafter recognize as a binding decision.’” Id. (citation omitted).
http://www.nlf.net/briefs/US_v_Newdow.nlf.pdf

Διαφορετικά, το \"βούλευμα\" θα αποδιδόταν απλώς ως \"ruling\". Π.χ. (από την ίδια πηγή αναφοράς):
The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals erred in ruling that the Elk Grove Unified School District’s policy of having elementary aged school children recite the Pledge of Allegiance is unconstitutional.
In ruling the Pledge unconstitutional, the Ninth Circuit overlooked this Court’s dicta concerning the constitutionality of the Pledge.
Selected response from:

Vicky Papaprodromou
Greece
Local time: 22:50
Grading comment
Ευχαριστώ πολύ. Καλό Πάσχα!
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
5 +4judicial dictum
Vicky Papaprodromou


  

Answers


9 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +4
παρεμπίπτον βούλευμα
judicial dictum


Explanation:
"This court has explained the difference between obiter dictum and judicial dictum.

"We have noted that: 'The term "dictum" is generally used as an abbreviation of obiter dictum, which means a remark or opinion uttered by the way. Such an expression or opinion as a general rule is not binding as authority or precedent within the stare decisis rule. On the other hand, an expression of opinion upon a point in a case argued by counsel and deliberately passed upon by the court, though not essential to the disposition of the cause, if dictum, is a judicial dictum. And further, a judicial dictum is entitled to much weight, and should be followed unless found to be erroneous. Even obiter dictum of a court of last resort can be tantamount to a decision and therefore binding in the absence of a contrary decision of that court.' Cates v. Cates, 156 Ill.2d 76, 80 (1993).

http://www.felahfd.com/HFDLaw/notebook/346.htm

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 18 mins (2004-04-07 11:57:42 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

Likewise, the Third Circuit Court of appeals has noted that “[a] . . . distinction has been drawn between ‘judicial dictum’ and ‘obiter dictum’: Judicial dicta are conclusions that have been briefed, argued, and given full consideration even though
admittedly unnecessary to decision. A judicial dictum may have great weight.” Cerro Metal Products v. Marshall, 620 F.2d 964, 978 n.39 (3d
Cir. 1980). Indeed, judicial dicta are of such serious consequence that some courts consider judicial dicta issued by supreme courts to be binding precedent: “A Wisconsin court has stated it thus: ‘When a court of last resort intentionally takes up, discusses, and decides a question germane to, though not necessarily decisive of, the controversy, such decision is not a dictum but is a judicial act of the court which it will thereafter recognize as a binding decision.’” Id. (citation omitted).
http://www.nlf.net/briefs/US_v_Newdow.nlf.pdf

Διαφορετικά, το \"βούλευμα\" θα αποδιδόταν απλώς ως \"ruling\". Π.χ. (από την ίδια πηγή αναφοράς):
The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals erred in ruling that the Elk Grove Unified School District’s policy of having elementary aged school children recite the Pledge of Allegiance is unconstitutional.
In ruling the Pledge unconstitutional, the Ninth Circuit overlooked this Court’s dicta concerning the constitutionality of the Pledge.

Vicky Papaprodromou
Greece
Local time: 22:50
Native speaker of: Native in GreekGreek
PRO pts in category: 96
Grading comment
Ευχαριστώ πολύ. Καλό Πάσχα!

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Valentini Mellas: LawNet also supports this .. aposiro ....
10 mins
  -> Καλό ταξίδι... ευχαριστώ!

agree  Betty Revelioti
49 mins
  -> Ευχαριστώ, Μπέττυ!

agree  Nadia-Anastasia Fahmi: "obiter dictum.... whereby it is ordered" ή σκέτο "dictum" αυτή την περίπτωση // Σχετικό link: http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=dictum... μπορεί όμως να είναι authoritative, συνεπώς δεσμευτικό.. :-)
3 hrs
  -> Ναι αλλά λέει το απόσπασμα "διατάσσεται", και σύμφωνα με όσα στοιχεία βρήκα το "obiter dictum" δεν έχει πάντα ισχύ και πολλές φορές παρακάμπτεται.//Συμφωνούμε και δίνω το judicial γιατί είναι σίγουρα δεσμευτικό-αυτό εξηγούν τα αποσπάσματα που παραθέτω.

agree  Evdoxia R.
20 hrs
  -> Eυχαριστώ!
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