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|Italian to English translations [PRO]|
Tech/Engineering - Automotive / Cars & Trucks / automotive
|Italian term or phrase: ponte|
|Fermo restando che il ponte e' l'assale posteriore che fornisce trasmissione alle ruote posteriori, qual'e' il termine inglese? (driving axle e' troppo generico :))|
Mi interessa inoltre sapere se cardano e' un sinonimo di ponte, se sa qualcuno.
Dal dizionario Marolli:
rear axle (automotive)= ponte posteriore
Selected response from:
Local time: 21:54
|Grazie anche agli altri.|
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer
4 hrs confidence: 6 hrs confidence:
ponte = axle
An axle is the assembly of two - left and right - wheels (or two pairs of wheels, in some trucks and buses) and all related suspension and driving/steering parts that link them to the vehicle body and to other vehicle systems (like engine/gearbox, steering system, braking system).
An axle can be driving, steering, both driving and steering, or idle.
Front-drive vehicles: front axle is both driving and steering, rear axle is idle.
Rear-drive vehicles: front axle is steering, rear axle is driving.
All-wheel drive vehicles: both axles are driving, front axle is also steering.
There are vehicle designs with both front and rear steering axles, too, as well as driving front/steering rear axle (e.g. fork litf trucks).
Heavy trucks and buses can have more than one driving and/or steering axle.
A drive/driving axle includes a differential (gearbox). This is a gearbox located in (or close to) the middle of the axle, which allows for different rotation speeds of the inner and outer wheels when the car is turning, while maintaining torque transmission to both wheels.
In some vehicle designs (typically in front-engine, rear-drive ones) the torque is transmitted from the engine to the differential in the driving (rear) axle through a cardan shaft. Reason: when the car is moving, especially over uneven surfaces, the engine and the differential 'float' in relation to each other as the car's suspension reacts - so they can't be linked by a fixed shaft. A cardan shaft contains at least one (normally two) cardan joints, thus allowing torque transmission at a certain (and variable) angle.
Writing that out of experience (both engineering and translation-related). I guess you can find these terms explained in many online automotive glossaries. Definitions may vary slightly for different types of vehicles (e.g. fork lift trucks, rail vehicles, self-propelled agricultural machines, building & construction equipment etc). BTW, cardan shafts are used also in various kinds of stationary equipment.
Local time: 22:54
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Native speaker of: Bulgarian
PRO pts in category: 3
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