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(gen.) an item of evidence: (spec.) a formal admission
Explanation: '(3). This formula describes the way knowledge of a new *item of evidence* (E) would influence a Bayesian rational decision maker's evaluation of the odds that a ...'
Richard's answer above leads me to repeat my ProZ.Com SPA/ENG answer this week to confesar en juicio that seems to have left everyone speechless i.e. no one agrees with.
'Make formal admissions (civ. & crim.)
cf. informal admission, 'concessions' or confessions = statements out of court. Once a a fact is 'formally admitted' in court, it is no longer 'at issue' and cannot be argued over.
Also, though they may not like it, formal & informal are legal terms of art in the Eng. law of evidence.
'*Proof by formal admission*. 22.—(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, any fact of which oral evidence may be given in any criminal proceedings may be ...*