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|Italian to English translations [PRO]|
Medical - Medical: Health Care / knee
|Italian term or phrase: sfumata claudicatio di fuga|
|Deambulazione con appoggio del piede in modico valgismo e con sfumata claudicatio di fuga|
see "zoppia di fuga"
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deambulava con zoppia di fuga a sinistra. Venivaeseguito un radiogramma del ginocchio sinistro in 2 proie ... The patient’s gait revealed a left-sided limp. ...
I'm not sure what the "di fuga" refers to - perhaps there is a connotation of pain avoidance? If this is the case, "antalgic limp/gait" is a possibility.
antalgic gait: (painful gait)
- pain is a common cause of limp;
- characteristic of antalgic limp is shortened stance phase on affected side;
- when pain arises in hip joint (coxalgia), there is also lurch of trunk toward the painful side during the stance phase;
- moving center of gravity of body toward painful hip decreases moment arm of body wt to hip joint, reducing total force on the hip;
- this should not be confused w/ a Trendelenburg gait;
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slight antalgic gait
Skimming English texts, limp is usually used. Often with a description of causes (pain in this case).
An option is antalgic gait
describes an asymmetric pathological gait. There are 3 common patterns:
# An antalgic gait occurs with unilateral leg pain or instability. The child compensates by spending less time standing on the affected limb thus there is a short stance phase on the affected leg and a quick swing phase of the contralateral leg.
# A Trendelenburg gait occurs with an unstable hip. When the child stands on the affected leg the abductors of the hip are unable to hold the pelvis level and there is contralateral pelvic drop. To compensate for this the child's upper body lurches towards the affected side to produce a characteristic "waddling" or "swaying" gait.
# A short limb gait occurs with a unilateral, short leg. When standing on the affected leg the child's ipsilateral shoulder drops.
Radiological investigation of a limp will be dictated by the clinical symptoms and examination of the individual child.
Zoppia di Fuga = camminare accelerando il passo dal lato affetto dolente
self-protective limp due to pain, characterized by a short stance phase on the affected leg. The commonest cause is transient synovitis of the hip. Other causes include Perthes disease, slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), stress fracture, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, osteoid osteoma. The age of the child, clinical history and examination will generally suggest the diagnosis allowing radiological imaging to be directed as appropriate. See limp
Normal gait follows a predictable pattern and uses energy efficiently. Gait can be divided into swing and stance phases: the swing phase forms 40 percent of the gait cycle, and the stance phase forms 60 percent. The most common form of limp, an antalgic gait, is caused by pain. To minimize weight bearing on an injured limb, the time in stance phase is shortened in the painful limb with a resultant increase in swing phase.
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|Sep 8, 2008 - Changes made by SJLD:|
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