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opere a forbice

English translation: bastion fortifications

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11:29 Oct 27, 2006
Italian to English translations [PRO]
Military / Defense
Italian term or phrase: opere a forbice
One of a fort's (Forte di Demonte) primary defence works:

Tenaille di San Giuseppe.
San Giuseppe Demi-Bastion.
San Maurizio Opera a Forbice.
San Lorenzo Opera a Forbice.
Tenaille di San Michele.

"opere a forbice" were XVIII military defence works.

Does anyone know of an EN equivalent?
Ivana UK
United Kingdom
Local time: 01:04
English translation:bastion fortifications
Explanation:



Hi Ivana,

bastione forbici

Dal trattato di Galileo
E per dare qualche lume dell'adattare tutti gli altri corpi di difesa, abbiamo posto ancora la seguente figura,

composta di diversi fianchi; come forbici, segnate A, B, e C denti, D linee reflesse, E linee curve, F stelle, e G case matte. http://www.liberliber.it/biblioteca/g/galilei/trattato_di_fo...

Foretezza di Ancona
Un disegno più realistico, e probabilmente lo schema definitivo ( Firenze, G.D.U., 1526A v.), presenta già le tipiche doppie bastionature "a forbice", poi realizza

A pic of the layout
http://www.mondimedievali.net/Castelli/Marche/ancona/ancona0...

Which if you check the different fortifications systems used here:
http://civilwarfortifications.com/dictionary/xgs-006.html

Looks just like the bastion system.







Bastion System
The bastion system of fortification was by far the most widely employed system from the end of the fifteenth to the middle of the nineteenth centuries. Each front of fortification in the bastion system included two demi-bastions (one on each extremity of the front) connected by a curtain which formed the enceinte. These demi-bastions were joined at the angles of the fronts to form fully developed bastions consisting of two faces and two flanks. The enceinte itself was shielded by a variety of outworks including, most prominently, demi-lunes and an enveloping covered way. These outworks could also be covered by even more outworks that added depth to the defense and increased the period of time necessary for a besieging army to compel a fortification to capitulate. When a bastion system front was carefully profiled the arrangement of the linear elements eliminated all dead ground on the exterior side of the enceinte and insured that the fortification was protected by crossing columns of fire.

Some pics of Bastion fortifications
http://images.google.it/images?svnum=10&hl=it&lr=&client=fir...


Selected response from:

Jo Macdonald
Spain
Local time: 02:04
Grading comment
thanks a lot for this!!
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
4bastion fortifications
Jo Macdonald


Discussion entries: 2





  

Answers


32 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
bastion fortifications


Explanation:



Hi Ivana,

bastione forbici

Dal trattato di Galileo
E per dare qualche lume dell'adattare tutti gli altri corpi di difesa, abbiamo posto ancora la seguente figura,

composta di diversi fianchi; come forbici, segnate A, B, e C denti, D linee reflesse, E linee curve, F stelle, e G case matte. http://www.liberliber.it/biblioteca/g/galilei/trattato_di_fo...

Foretezza di Ancona
Un disegno più realistico, e probabilmente lo schema definitivo ( Firenze, G.D.U., 1526A v.), presenta già le tipiche doppie bastionature "a forbice", poi realizza

A pic of the layout
http://www.mondimedievali.net/Castelli/Marche/ancona/ancona0...

Which if you check the different fortifications systems used here:
http://civilwarfortifications.com/dictionary/xgs-006.html

Looks just like the bastion system.







Bastion System
The bastion system of fortification was by far the most widely employed system from the end of the fifteenth to the middle of the nineteenth centuries. Each front of fortification in the bastion system included two demi-bastions (one on each extremity of the front) connected by a curtain which formed the enceinte. These demi-bastions were joined at the angles of the fronts to form fully developed bastions consisting of two faces and two flanks. The enceinte itself was shielded by a variety of outworks including, most prominently, demi-lunes and an enveloping covered way. These outworks could also be covered by even more outworks that added depth to the defense and increased the period of time necessary for a besieging army to compel a fortification to capitulate. When a bastion system front was carefully profiled the arrangement of the linear elements eliminated all dead ground on the exterior side of the enceinte and insured that the fortification was protected by crossing columns of fire.

Some pics of Bastion fortifications
http://images.google.it/images?svnum=10&hl=it&lr=&client=fir...




Jo Macdonald
Spain
Local time: 02:04
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 20
Grading comment
thanks a lot for this!!
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