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preparat wzbogacony w kierunku gruźlicy

English translation: sputum concentrated for AFB

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05:42 Sep 3, 2008
Polish to English translations [PRO]
Medical - Medical (general) / mikrobiologia
Polish term or phrase: preparat wzbogacony w kierunku gruźlicy
"Preparat wzbogacony w kierunku gruźlicy (plwocina) - w preparacie wzbogaconym nie stwierdzono prątków kwasoodpornych (AFB-)". Wynik badania pacjenta, u którego stwierdzono rak pęcherza, leczonego wlewkami BCG
Scherzando
Local time: 05:09
English translation:sputum concentrated for AFB
Explanation:

Sputa submitted for investigations for tuberculosis are concentrated for microscopy or for microscopy and culture (the two processes being slightly different). Microscopy involves staining a smear of the concentrated specimen by Ziehl-Neelsen’s or a fluorescent method. In positive specimens both methods will reveal the presence of acid-fast bacilli – so called because they retain the dye after decolorization with acid and alcohol. Detection of AFB (bacilli of course, but everyone says “AFBs”) is not, however, to be regarded as equivalent to a positive diagnosis of TB, because other kinds of AFB exist, besides tubercle bacilli, and because dead tubercle bacilli from previous positive specimens may remain on the glassware used to concentrate specimens, having survived the cleaning process.

A specimen cannot be concentrated for TB, because TB is a disease – the Polish circumvents this problem very neatly in a way not possible in English by applying the words ‘w kierunku’. Similarly, specimens are not concentrated solely for Myco. tuberculosis, the causitive agent of TB, because the methods applied concentrate all kinds of AFB in the specimen, not just Myco. tuberculosis.

The supplied translation is good, but still not authentic. A typical British laboratory report for this type of specimen would read simply: “AFB not detected”.

Selected response from:

Peter Nicholson
Poland
Local time: 05:09
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Summary of answers provided
5sputum concentrated for AFB
Peter Nicholson


  

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5 days   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
sputum concentrated for AFB


Explanation:

Sputa submitted for investigations for tuberculosis are concentrated for microscopy or for microscopy and culture (the two processes being slightly different). Microscopy involves staining a smear of the concentrated specimen by Ziehl-Neelsen’s or a fluorescent method. In positive specimens both methods will reveal the presence of acid-fast bacilli – so called because they retain the dye after decolorization with acid and alcohol. Detection of AFB (bacilli of course, but everyone says “AFBs”) is not, however, to be regarded as equivalent to a positive diagnosis of TB, because other kinds of AFB exist, besides tubercle bacilli, and because dead tubercle bacilli from previous positive specimens may remain on the glassware used to concentrate specimens, having survived the cleaning process.

A specimen cannot be concentrated for TB, because TB is a disease – the Polish circumvents this problem very neatly in a way not possible in English by applying the words ‘w kierunku’. Similarly, specimens are not concentrated solely for Myco. tuberculosis, the causitive agent of TB, because the methods applied concentrate all kinds of AFB in the specimen, not just Myco. tuberculosis.

The supplied translation is good, but still not authentic. A typical British laboratory report for this type of specimen would read simply: “AFB not detected”.



Peter Nicholson
Poland
Local time: 05:09
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: English
PRO pts in category: 475
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