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|Polish to English translations [PRO]|
|Polish term or phrase: film obyczajowy|
W załączeniu rodzaje filmów
Movie Genres Examples
From the Create Your Screenplay Seminar
Examples of the Fourteen Basic Movie Genres--
Action (Disaster): Stories whose central struggle plays out mainly through a clash of physical forces.
48 Hours Face/Off Die Hard Air Force One
Jurassic Park Lethal Weapon Return of the Jedi (also Science Fiction) Speed (also a Thriller) Titanic (also a Love story) The Terminator True Lies
Adventure: Stories whose central struggle plays out mainly through encounters with new "worlds."
Apollo 13 The Deep Get Shorty (extraordinary blend of Gangster, Love, and Crime with a twist) Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (also an Action picture) Little Big Man (Also Epic/Myth)
Lawrence of Arabia Quest For Fire
Rain Man Robinson Crusoe Water World
Comedy: Stories whose central struggle causes hilarious results.
Ace Ventura, Pet Detective (also Adventure - the name gives it away)
Analyze This Annie Hall Bowfinger
French Kiss Honey, I Shrunk the Kids (also Fantasy) My Best Friend's Wedding Nine to Five Shakespeare in Love The Spy Who Shagged Me When Harry Met Sally Working Girl (also Love Story)
Coming-of-Age Drama: Stories whose central struggle is about the hero finding his or her place in the world.
American Beauty American Graffiti
The Breakfast Club The Graduate
The Last Picture Show The Lion King
My Brilliant Career The Paper Chase
Pretty In Pink Rebel Without a Cause
Risky Business Saturday Night Fever
Shakespeare in Love (also Romantic Comedy) Splendor in the Grass
Top Gun (also Action) The Water Boy (also Comedy)
Crime: Stories whose central struggle is about catching a criminal.
48 Hours Basic Instinct Fargo French Connection Ghost (also Love and Thriller) L.A.Confidential Patriot Games Pulp Fiction (Also Black Comedy, Bends the Genre a lot)) The Sting
Detective Story/Courtroom Drama: Stories whose central struggle is to find out what really happened and thus to expose the truth.
Caine Mutiny Chinatown Death and the Maiden A Few Good Men The General's Daughter Inherit the Wind The Maltese Falcon Philadelphia Rear Window
A Time to Kill The Verdict Vertigo
Epic/Myth: Stories whose central struggle plays out in the midst of a clash of great forces or in the sweep of great historical change.
Apocalypse Now The Birth of a Nation
Bridge on the River Kwai Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid Ghandi The Godfather Gone With the Wind The Grapes of Wrath Lawrence of Arabia (also Adventure) Star Wars The Ten Commandments
Fantasy: Stories which are animated, or whose central struggle plays out in two worlds - the "real" world and an imaginary world.
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court Alice in Wonderland Antz Big
Ghostbusters Heaven Can Wait Mary Poppins The Mask Peter Pan Snow White
Toy Story The Wizard of Oz Who Klled Roger Rabbit?
Gangster: Stories whose central struggle is between a criminal and society. A cautionary tale, rooted in a main character who commits crimes (This genre is often blended with Film Noir).
Badlands Bonnie and Clyde Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid Dead End
Dead Man Walking The Godfather (also Epic/Myth) Goodfellas La Femme Nikita
M. Out of Sight (also Love Story)
Sling Blade The Usual Suspects
Horror: Stories whose central struggle focuses on escaping from and eventually defeating a Monster (either human or non-human).
Alien The Blair Witch Project Friday the Thirteenth Halloween I Know What You Did Last Summer It's Alive King Kong Nightmare on Elm Street Psycho
Love (Romance): Stories whose central struggle is between two people who each want to win or keep the love of the other.
Annie Hall As Good As It Gets
Casablanca (also Epic/Myth) Ghost
The Graduate It Happened One Night
Mickey Blue Eyes Notting Hill
Pretty Woman Roman Holiday The Way We Were Wuthering Heights
Science Fiction: Stories whose central struggle is generated from the technology and tools of a scientifically imaginable world.
2001 A Space Odyssey Back to the Future
Blade Runner (also Crime) ET: The Extra Terrestrial The Fifth Element Gattaca
The Sixth Sense Stargate
Star Wars (and all the sequels or prequels) The Terminator Twelve Monkeys
Social Drama: Stories whose central struggle is between a Champion and a problem or injustice in society. Usually the Champion has a personal stake in the outcome of the struggle.
A Civil Action Dead Man Walking Dr Strangelove Grapes of Wrath Kramer Vs Kramer Network Philadelphia (also Courtroom Drama) Schindler's List
To Kill a Mockingbird
Thriller: Stories whose central struggle pits an innocent hero against a lethal enemy who is out to kill him or her.
The Net No Way Out North by Northwest (also Love Story) Sleeping With the Enemy Night of the Hunter Three Days of the Condor Wait Until Dark Witness (also Love Story)
Other Types of Movies: There obviously are many other groupings that might be constructed. Discussing genres of movies might just be a way of describing the history of moviemaking - a method of grouping motion pictures for whatever convenient need arises for whatever individual or group. Without trying to define them, I'm listing here a number of other possible types.
The Art Film: Not a preferred Hollywood Type. HOWEVER -- the acceleration of cheaper video-to-film technology makes this an interesting potential genre to look at for the future.
The Black Comedy: A comedy that uses death and morbid doings as the root of its humor. Surfaces regularly. Most recent incarnations, Very Bad Things and Pulp Fiction.
The Buddy Movie: Not a distinctive genre. Really describes a vehicle for two stars of relatively equal importance, although one of them is usually the main character. Redford and Newman are the most well known pairing from the recent past.
When these types of films work, they can be a cash cow for the studios; for example, the "road" films of Bing Crosby and Bob Hope, the musicals of Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers, the wacky doings of Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis, Abbot and Costello, etc. In today's market there is probably a pent-up appetite for female pairings, witness the phenomenal success of Thelma and Louise (despite the sour "downer" ending -- somebody took the ending of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid too seriously. They should have checked out The Sting).
The Film Noir: From the standpoint of the way I prefer to define a "genre" -- that is, defining the genre according to the nature of the central struggle -- this type of film is more of a stylistic categorization. Even so, the typical black and light patterns, the dark shadows, the penchant for cynicism and irony, the use of the dark side of human behavior, these elements still have a potent appeal for a large segment of the moviegoing audience.
The Ghost Story: Obvious from its title, needs no definition. This type of story, popular in the past, has been somewhat supplanted by the horror genre. Interesting to us writers for its resurgence with a twist in the Demi Moore thriller Ghost. Testament to the writer's imagination.
The Heist (or Caper): Sort of a "cross-categorization." An intricately planned theft by a group of people. Examples: Ocean's Eleven, The Thomas Crown Affair, The Great Train Robbery, and more recently, one of the genres in The Usual Suspects.
The Picaresque: An episodic string of adventures by a hero who moves from place to place. Stellar example, Tom Jones, and more recently, Forrest Gump.
Other obvious types:
The Historical Drama
So, enough analysis of genre.
Try to settle on a mix of two genres for your story. To start with, that is. Keep the possibility open that you might be able to spice up your story with little bits of a third genre, but -- proceed with caution. As an old Hollywood pro once growled at me, "More than two genres is a mess."
Selected response from:
Local time: 23:31
|Dziekuje bardzo wszystkim. W gre wchodzil termin contemporary drama lub social drama, wybieram ostatni bo ten podzial na gatunki filmowe bardzo mi sie przyda!|
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer
16 mins confidence: 44 mins confidence: 44 mins confidence: 53 mins confidence: peer agreement (net): +5
albo raczej jako heading kategorii: Drama, Contemporary
Oczywiscie to sa kulturowo-zdeterminowane kategorie i wszelka definicja zazwyczaj moze byc tylko funkcjonalna ("co bym wstawil w tym samym kontekscie", etc.)