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retragere

English translation: receding plane

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Romanian term or phrase:retragere
English translation:receding plane
Entered by: Mihaela Ghiuzeli
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13:13 Jul 8, 2008
Romanian to English translations [PRO]
Tech/Engineering - Construction / Civil Engineering
Romanian term or phrase: retragere
Context: "daca constructia prezinta retrageri in plan, cladirea se considera regulata daca aceste retrageri nu afecteaza rigiditatea in plan a planseului"
andreeagh
Romania
Local time: 02:45
receding plane
Explanation:
Nu e o parere de inginer insa.


Thunder Bay

The Royal Edward Hotel in Thunder Bay, now apartments, was one of the first "skyscrapers" in the area, preceding the steel and glass office buildings of the International Style some 30 years later. The building, designed by Dorr and Dorr in 1928, is constructed of reinforced concrete.

Like many of the earlier multi-storey buildings, the windows are relatively small considering the full surface of the wall, and the ornament, in this case Art Deco, is found accentuating the vertical areas between the windows and on the parapet. The windows are simple and unadorned. Instead there is a repeated geometric pattern on the first set of windows above the band.


Art Deco Hotel

Thunder Bay Ontario

Thunder Bay

Art Deco is largely concerned with craftsmanship as can be seen in this detail of the Royal Edward Hotel (above). The parapet is an ornate, stylized adaptation of vertical "finial-like" forms.

The upper windows are discrete four over four sash with subtle sills and a contrasting frame colour. The lower street level windows have a flat arched surround. The exterior finish has discrete horizontal banding on a smooth surface. There is no attempt to imitate any Classical detailing or motifs on this facade.


Art Deco Detail

Thunder Bay Ontario

Brantford

This glazed terra-cotta building in Brantford shows the integration of Art Deco stylization with Classical motifs. The top is an overhanging entablature with a simple band and two plain roundels, much in the style of the American architect Raymond Hood. Holding this up are three sensual, bare-breasted caryatids supporting capitals with the roundel motif. The second floor windows have, obviously, been replaced by large, flat windows, but the spandrel above them is filled with five glazed terra-cottavoussoirs .

The caryatids ornament three pilasters that separate the two bays of the building. Along the bases are carved ornaments with stylized volutes. The building shows the point where Beaux-Arts style ends and Art Deco begins.


Brantford Ontario

Kitchener

Art deco is nothing if not theatrical. This stylized poured concrete door surround gives the impression of a stage set. The outside is squared at the front and then later rounded as the illusion of a long passageway recedes using perspective to give the impression of distance. Symmetrical receding abstract planes and aerodynamic streamlining are typical of later Art Deco and Art Moderne details.

The interior arch or intrados of the surround is much more ornate and almost oriental in its character. The door itself is unadorned.




Art Deco Doorway

Kitchener Ontario

Hamilton

This detail from the Hamilton Post Office, 1929, shows an earlier and more ornate form of Art Deco. The band across the top of the window is a stylized guilloche; the interweaving ribbons become a squared geometric pattern. The central spandrel, like the mullions, is wrought iron with an intricate stylized acanthus in a vase with a flowery background. The mullions are simply geometric patterns.

The reveals on the window, like the lintel band, are poured concrete with alternating floral reliefs.

Like many Art Deco buildings, the plan and outline of the building are unremarkable, a cubic shape on the corner of a city block. The beauty of these buildings is in the window and door detailing.








Hamilton Ontario

Hamilton

Like the above example, these two reliefs in Hamilton reflect the Art Deco spirit. The above are largely floral. These, found on the old train station, now the Liuna Reception Hall, reflect the style's obsession with travel and speed. On the left is a stylized steam engine and on the right is an automobile. This building was featured in "Long Kiss Goodnight" among other films.


Hamilton Ontario

Toronto

Art Deco often uses stylized adaptations of previous periods or styles. This apartment block is a version of Romanesque. The door surround has a streamlined receding arch motif found in many Italian 12th to 14th century churches. The columns flanking the door are simple; the capitals are replaced by lanterns. On either side of the door is dichromatic brickwork also found in the Romanesque and Venetian Gothic periods.

Above the door the architrave displays the building's street number. The top of the entrance is a ziggurat shape with horizontal bands emphasizing the receding planes. The window sills have been incorporated into the horizontal banding.
Selected response from:

Mihaela Ghiuzeli
Local time: 19:45
Grading comment
Multumesc!
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
2 +2receding plane
Mihaela Ghiuzeli


  

Answers


30 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 2/5Answerer confidence 2/5 peer agreement (net): +2
receding plane


Explanation:
Nu e o parere de inginer insa.


Thunder Bay

The Royal Edward Hotel in Thunder Bay, now apartments, was one of the first "skyscrapers" in the area, preceding the steel and glass office buildings of the International Style some 30 years later. The building, designed by Dorr and Dorr in 1928, is constructed of reinforced concrete.

Like many of the earlier multi-storey buildings, the windows are relatively small considering the full surface of the wall, and the ornament, in this case Art Deco, is found accentuating the vertical areas between the windows and on the parapet. The windows are simple and unadorned. Instead there is a repeated geometric pattern on the first set of windows above the band.


Art Deco Hotel

Thunder Bay Ontario

Thunder Bay

Art Deco is largely concerned with craftsmanship as can be seen in this detail of the Royal Edward Hotel (above). The parapet is an ornate, stylized adaptation of vertical "finial-like" forms.

The upper windows are discrete four over four sash with subtle sills and a contrasting frame colour. The lower street level windows have a flat arched surround. The exterior finish has discrete horizontal banding on a smooth surface. There is no attempt to imitate any Classical detailing or motifs on this facade.


Art Deco Detail

Thunder Bay Ontario

Brantford

This glazed terra-cotta building in Brantford shows the integration of Art Deco stylization with Classical motifs. The top is an overhanging entablature with a simple band and two plain roundels, much in the style of the American architect Raymond Hood. Holding this up are three sensual, bare-breasted caryatids supporting capitals with the roundel motif. The second floor windows have, obviously, been replaced by large, flat windows, but the spandrel above them is filled with five glazed terra-cottavoussoirs .

The caryatids ornament three pilasters that separate the two bays of the building. Along the bases are carved ornaments with stylized volutes. The building shows the point where Beaux-Arts style ends and Art Deco begins.


Brantford Ontario

Kitchener

Art deco is nothing if not theatrical. This stylized poured concrete door surround gives the impression of a stage set. The outside is squared at the front and then later rounded as the illusion of a long passageway recedes using perspective to give the impression of distance. Symmetrical receding abstract planes and aerodynamic streamlining are typical of later Art Deco and Art Moderne details.

The interior arch or intrados of the surround is much more ornate and almost oriental in its character. The door itself is unadorned.




Art Deco Doorway

Kitchener Ontario

Hamilton

This detail from the Hamilton Post Office, 1929, shows an earlier and more ornate form of Art Deco. The band across the top of the window is a stylized guilloche; the interweaving ribbons become a squared geometric pattern. The central spandrel, like the mullions, is wrought iron with an intricate stylized acanthus in a vase with a flowery background. The mullions are simply geometric patterns.

The reveals on the window, like the lintel band, are poured concrete with alternating floral reliefs.

Like many Art Deco buildings, the plan and outline of the building are unremarkable, a cubic shape on the corner of a city block. The beauty of these buildings is in the window and door detailing.








Hamilton Ontario

Hamilton

Like the above example, these two reliefs in Hamilton reflect the Art Deco spirit. The above are largely floral. These, found on the old train station, now the Liuna Reception Hall, reflect the style's obsession with travel and speed. On the left is a stylized steam engine and on the right is an automobile. This building was featured in "Long Kiss Goodnight" among other films.


Hamilton Ontario

Toronto

Art Deco often uses stylized adaptations of previous periods or styles. This apartment block is a version of Romanesque. The door surround has a streamlined receding arch motif found in many Italian 12th to 14th century churches. The columns flanking the door are simple; the capitals are replaced by lanterns. On either side of the door is dichromatic brickwork also found in the Romanesque and Venetian Gothic periods.

Above the door the architrave displays the building's street number. The top of the entrance is a ziggurat shape with horizontal bands emphasizing the receding planes. The window sills have been incorporated into the horizontal banding.

Mihaela Ghiuzeli
Local time: 19:45
Native speaker of: Romanian
PRO pts in category: 31
Grading comment
Multumesc!

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Anca Nitu
5 hrs
  -> Multumesc Anca !

agree  Alin Marcu
943 days
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Changes made by editors
Jul 14, 2008 - Changes made by Mihaela Ghiuzeli:
Edited KOG entry<a href="/profile/668896">andreeagh's</a> old entry - "retragere" » "receding plane"


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