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Bentonita

English translation: bentonite

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Romanian term or phrase:Bentonita
English translation:bentonite
Entered by: Cristina Moldovan do Amaral
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14:58 May 19, 2003
Romanian to English translations [PRO]
Science
Romanian term or phrase: Bentonita
chemical substance
Codrut Tudor
Romania
Local time: 16:48
bentonite
Explanation:
.. n. [Geology] 61

A material composed of clay minerals, predominantly montmorillonite with minor amounts of other smectite group minerals, commonly used in drilling mud. Bentonite swells considerably when exposed to water, making it ideal for protecting formations from invasion by drilling fluids. Montmorillonite forms when basic rocks such as volcanic ash in marine basins are altered.

See: clay, mineral, montmorillonite, smectite
2. n. [Drilling Fluids] 1729

A clay mineral that is composed principally of three-layer clays, such as montmorillonite, and widely used as a mud additive for viscosity and filtration control. Commercial bentonite ores vary widely in amount and quality of the swelling clay, sodium montmorillonite. Ores of lower quality, those with more calcium-type montmorillonite, are treated during grinding by adding one or more of the following: sodium carbonate, long-chain synthetic polymers, carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), starch or polyphosphates. These help make the final product meet quality specifications. Unfortunately, the additives may not remain effective in "the real mud world" when in use at the rig due to hardness ions in the water, high temperature, bacterial attack, mechanical shear-degradation and other factors that can render these additives ineffective.

See: beneficiation, carboxymethylcellulose, cation-exchange capacity, clay, clay extender, colloid, conventional mud, filtration, gel, hectorite, hydration, low-solids mud, low-yield clay, montmorillonite, mud additive, native clay, organophilic clay, peptized clay, phosphate salt, prehydrated bentonite, prehydration, saltwater flow, seawater mud, smectite, smectite clay, sulfonated polystyrene-maleic anhydride copolymer, vinyl acetate-maleic anhydride copolymer, viscosity, water, oil and solids test, yield


Selected response from:

Cristina Moldovan do Amaral
United States
Local time: 06:48
Grading comment
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
5 +1bentonite
Cristina Moldovan do Amaral


  

Answers


2 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +1
bentonite


Explanation:
.. n. [Geology] 61

A material composed of clay minerals, predominantly montmorillonite with minor amounts of other smectite group minerals, commonly used in drilling mud. Bentonite swells considerably when exposed to water, making it ideal for protecting formations from invasion by drilling fluids. Montmorillonite forms when basic rocks such as volcanic ash in marine basins are altered.

See: clay, mineral, montmorillonite, smectite
2. n. [Drilling Fluids] 1729

A clay mineral that is composed principally of three-layer clays, such as montmorillonite, and widely used as a mud additive for viscosity and filtration control. Commercial bentonite ores vary widely in amount and quality of the swelling clay, sodium montmorillonite. Ores of lower quality, those with more calcium-type montmorillonite, are treated during grinding by adding one or more of the following: sodium carbonate, long-chain synthetic polymers, carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), starch or polyphosphates. These help make the final product meet quality specifications. Unfortunately, the additives may not remain effective in "the real mud world" when in use at the rig due to hardness ions in the water, high temperature, bacterial attack, mechanical shear-degradation and other factors that can render these additives ineffective.

See: beneficiation, carboxymethylcellulose, cation-exchange capacity, clay, clay extender, colloid, conventional mud, filtration, gel, hectorite, hydration, low-solids mud, low-yield clay, montmorillonite, mud additive, native clay, organophilic clay, peptized clay, phosphate salt, prehydrated bentonite, prehydration, saltwater flow, seawater mud, smectite, smectite clay, sulfonated polystyrene-maleic anhydride copolymer, vinyl acetate-maleic anhydride copolymer, viscosity, water, oil and solids test, yield





    Reference: http://www.glossary.oilfield.slb.com/Display.cfm?Term=benton...
Cristina Moldovan do Amaral
United States
Local time: 06:48
Native speaker of: Native in RomanianRomanian
PRO pts in pair: 355

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Patricia Fierro, M. Sc.
19 mins
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