English translation: Joint-stock Company Inc with Authorized Capital
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20 years of experience as a financial and legal translator and West's legal dictionary
Explanation: Or "Corporation with Authorized Capital".
You should check Venezuelan law to be sure, but this doesn't appear to be your run-of-the-mill corporation. If it were, it would be called just a Sociedad Anónima.
The typical S.A. has capital in a stated amount that must be paid in by the shareholders upon incorporation or within a fixed period of time thereafter. The only way of increasing the capital is by means of an amendment to the articles and by-laws of the company.
The animal we're looking at here sounds more like a variable capital corporation, a la S.A. de C.V. in Mexico. Such a company has "invariable" capital in a stated amount, say 1000. As in the case of a plain vanilla S.A., the invariable part of the capital must be paid in upon incorporation, or within a fixed period thereafter. But the company, without its articles and by-laws being amended, can issue additional (variable) capital, up to a total capital that typically is a multiple of (say 5 times) the invariable capital.
I expect this beast is something along the same lines. It is also possible that it has only "variable" (read "authorized") capital, with no fixed amount that must be paid in at the outset or within a fixed period of time. But that would surprise me, especially for a bank.