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servidumbres activas y pasivas

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18:37 Jan 24, 2014
Spanish to English translations [PRO]
Bus/Financial - Law: Contract(s)
Spanish term or phrase: servidumbres activas y pasivas
This is part of a real property sales contract from Mexico. The contract reads:
"El vendedor cede los inmuebles con todos sus usos, costumbres y servidumbres activas y pasivas..." I know what "activos y pasivos" are but i'm not sure how they apply to "servidumbres."
lucindaaragon
Local time: 11:40


Summary of answers provided
5 +1Affirmative and negative easementsmindyjones
4 +1dominant and servient easements
Charles Davis
3legal active and passive encumbrancesSilviaarcuzio
3burdened and benefitted easementspatinba


Discussion entries: 1





  

Answers


21 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +1
Affirmative and negative easements


Explanation:
Servidumbre - easement
Servidumbre activa - affirmative easement
Servidumbre pasiva - negative easement

Source: West

Second source: wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easement#Affirmative_and_negat...

mindyjones
United States
Local time: 11:40
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Tom Thumb: affirmative > right for the US
2 hrs
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23 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
legal active and passive encumbrances


Explanation:
La servidumbre se ha considerado como un derecho limitativo del dominio, que consiste, bien en conferir a un tercero el derecho de hacer actos de uso sobre un fundo que no le pertenece, o en u n restringir el ejercicio de algún derecho al propietario de él, o, dicho de otra manera, un derecho real sobre una cosa ajena, constituido en beneficio exclusivo de una persona o de un fundo determinados, y que consiste en la facultad de usar de cierta manera, distinta según los casos, de la misma cosa.

Por lo menos resulta así en el derecho justinianeo, que da el nombre de servilutes, no solame


    Reference: http://html.rincondelvago.com/servidumbres_2.html
Silviaarcuzio
Argentina
Local time: 15:40
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in SpanishSpanish
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23 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
burdened and benefitted easements


Explanation:


Se llama predio sirviente el que sufre el gravamen, y predio dominante el que reporta la utilidad.
Con respecto al predio dominante, la servidumbre se llama ACTIVA, y con respecto al predio sirviente, se llama PASIVA.
Fuente (s):
CÓDIGO CIVIL COLOMBIANO
TITULO XI.

Easements for Dummies - elringtons
elringtons.com.au › Services › Property‎
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As you will see, there are two easements in this diagram. Lot 1 has two easements which burden the land and Lot 2 has one benefited easement and one ...
[PDF]
Easements, Covenants, and Equitable Servitudes
osaka.law.miami.edu/.../EasementsandCovenantsRun...‎
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As the casebook explains, the differences among easements, real covenants, and equitable servitudes ... Requirements for the Burden or Benefit or Both to Run.
Real Estate Law: Easement Basics - Cadden & Fuller LLP
www.caddenfuller.com/CM/Articles/Articles40.asp
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Land burdened by an easement is called a "servient estate" and the land benefited by the easement is known as the "dominant estate." If the easement benefits .

patinba
Argentina
Local time: 15:40
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 356
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4 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +1
dominant and servient easements


Explanation:
Affirmative/positive vs. negative easements looks as though it should be the equivalent of servidumbres activas vs. pasivas, and Tom West translates the terms like that in his dictionary, but it is not so.

What is a negative easement? It is "the right to prevent a landowner from doing something on his land that he would otherwise be privileged to do"
http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/408019/negative...

"A negative easement is one that restricts the servient estate's ability to make full use of the property, such as a restriction on the height of structures as to not obstruct the view from the dominant estate."
http://constitutionaldaily.com/index.php?option=com_content&...

"A positive easement (such as a right of way) involves a landowner going onto or making use of something in or on a neighbour's land. A negative easement is essentially a right to receive something (such as light or support) from the land of another without obstruction or interference."
http://lawcommission.justice.gov.uk/areas/easements.htm

So a negative easement is a restriction on what a property owner can do on or with his property. Is this the same as a "servidumbre pasiva"? No, it is not.

The difference between "servidumbre activa" and "servidumbre pasiva" is most clearly defined in the Colombian Civil Code, which Pat has already cited. Here it is again:

"Artículo 879.—Servidumbre predial o simple servidumbre, es un gravamen impuesto sobre un predio, en utilidad de otro predio de distinto dueño.
Artículo 880.—Se llama predio sirviente el que sufre el gravamen, y predio dominante el que reporta la utilidad.
Con respecto al predio dominante, la servidumbre se llama activa, y con respecto al predio sirviente, se llama pasiva."
http://mya.co/docMyA/SERVIDUMBRE.doc

The same definitions apply in Ecuador:

"1. Predio Dominante.- Es aquel predio que reporta la utilidad. Aquí la servidumbre se llama Servidumbre Activa.
2. Predio Sirviente.- Es aquel predio que sufre el gravamen. Aquí la servidumbre se llama Servidumbre Pasiva."
http://www.monografias.com/trabajos82/servidumbres-derecho-e...

Although I have not found an explicit definition like this from Mexico, the terms are used there in what is clearly the same sense:

"El adjudicatario gozará de las servidumbres activas y soportará todas las pasivas, ocultas o aparentes"
http://www.arqhys.com/transmision-de-propiedades-inmobiliari...

In other words, a "servidumbre activa" pertaining to a property denotes the right of the owner of that property (the dominant tenement) to an easement over another property (the servient tenement), whereas a "servidumbre pasiva" pertaining to a property is a form of encumbrance, denoting the obligation of the owner (the servient tenant) to grant an easement to someone else (the dominant tenant). A "servidumbre activa" is, for example, the right to cross someone else's land. A "servidumbre pasiva" is, for example, the obligation to allow someone else to cross your land. It is not a negative easement, which is a restriction on your own use of your land or property.

By the way, positive/affirmative and negative easements are called servidumbres positivas y negativas in Mexico:

"Se llaman servidumbres positivas a aquellas en las que para su ejercicio se requiere un acto del dueño de predio dominante, por ejemplo, la servidumbre de paso. Se llaman servidumbres negativas a aquellas que se ejercen sin ningún acto del dueño del predio demandante y también sin ningún acto del dueño del predio sirviente, por ejemplo la servidumbre de luces; la de no edificar, la servidumbre de no levantar una construcción a determinada altura."
http://www.mexicolegal.com.mx/foro-verconsulta.php?id=203041...

So Pat is right about the meaning. But although there are occasional references to burdened easements, the terms I find most often used in English are dominant and servient easements. See here, for example:
http://books.google.es/books?id=-pF1MHdcA1IC&pg=PA5&lpg=PA5&...

"Therefore, it is necessary for assessments in Arizona to consider servient easements in relation to the effect such easements have on that property, both in terms of reducing value and/or enhancing value."
http://www.azdor.gov/Portals/0/Brochure/conesmt.pdf

"Plaintiffs alleged three counts relating to the use of dominant and servient easements created by the deed."
http://www.michbar.org/opinions/appeals/2001/061901/10657.pd...

2. The Strata Titles Act 1988 allows dominant and servient easements to be created, carried forward in their entirety, partly extinguished or varied in position on the deposit or amendment of a Strata Plan."
http://www.landservices.sa.gov.au/5publications/surveying-dr...

"Additionally, for purposes of appraisal of any tract or parcel of real property used for commercial or industrial purposes, including chattels real, the appraisal shall consider the following factors:
[...]
2.1.1.3. The ease of alienation thereof, considering the state of its title, the number of owners thereof, and the extent to which the same may be the subject of either dominant or servient easements;"
Export-110-01p-2011-10-21-11-47-14-076.doc


Charles Davis
Spain
Local time: 20:40
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 300

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Billh: yes of course this is correct
18 hrs
  -> Thanks, Bill! Took me a bit of digging, I can tell you. I was going to trust the dictionary but I like to check.
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Changes made by editors
Jan 24 - Changes made by Taña Dalglish:
Language pairEnglish to Spanish » Spanish to English


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