ProZ.com global directory of translation services
 The translation workplace
Ideas
KudoZ home » Spanish to English » Law (general)

legitimación pasiva

English translation: standing to be sued

Login or register (free and only takes a few minutes) to participate in this question.

You will also have access to many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs
(or are passionate about them). Participation is free and the site has a strict confidentiality policy.
GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Spanish term or phrase:legitimación pasiva
English translation:standing to be sued
Entered by: Rebecca Jowers
Options:
- Contribute to this entry
- Include in personal glossary

20:05 Apr 3, 2007
Spanish to English translations [PRO]
Law/Patents - Law (general) / civil lawsuit
Spanish term or phrase: legitimación pasiva
"Falta de legitimación pasiva de XXXX"
neilmac
Spain
Local time: 21:18
standing to be sued
Explanation:
falta de legitimación pasiva = lack of standing to be sued

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 6 mins (2007-04-03 20:11:31 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

can also be translated:

"defendant's lack of standing"

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 13 mins (2007-04-03 20:19:16 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

legitimación activa = plaintiff's standing (or) standing to sue

legitimación pasiva = defendant's standing (or) standing to be sued

http://www.proz.com/kudoz/1628252



--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 41 mins (2007-04-03 20:46:38 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

To add a comment to Patricia's answer:
The literal translation "passive legitimation" has been used incorrectly on Proz and in other print and internet sources, and "legitimation" and "legitimación" are false friends in this context. In this context "legitimación" is "legitimación PROCESAL". "Falta de legitimación pasiva" refers to a defense ("excepción procesal") raised in court in which a defendant claims that he does not have standing and, thus, cannot be sued.

Here is a definition of "legitimación" as used in your context:

"Legitimación-Facultad de actuar en el proceso que tiene el titular de un derecho material concreto para ejercitarlo o defenderlo. Es legitimación activa la faculdad de demandar, y legitimación pasiva la que tiene la carga de defenderse como demandado."
(Diccionario Jurídico Colex, 2nd ed., 2003)

In American English this is called "standing" (defined in Black's Law Dictionary, 8th ed., "a position from which one may validly make a legal claim or seek to enforce a right or duty") and in British English the Latin "locus standi" is often used.

"Legitimation" cannot be used in this sense. Here are the legal uses of "legitimation" in English:

1. The act of making something lawful; authorization. 2. The act or process of authoritatively declaring a person legitimate, especially a child whose parentage has been unclear. 3. (Hist) Proof of a person's identity and of legal permission to reside in a certain place or engage in a certain occupation.
(Black's 8th)






--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 55 mins (2007-04-03 21:00:43 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

Here are some examples in which "legitimación" is correctly rendered as "standing":

... on the lack of legal standing as plaintiff (“legitimación procesal activa”) ... investigation based on the alleged lack of standing of the petitioner. ...
www.sice.org/DISPUTE/nafta/english/MU00190401Be.asp

... the case (Incidente de Falta de Legitimación).33 As a result of the Hearing, ... The 1997 CAB Resolution finding of a lack of standing was initiated by ...
www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/nao/taesalegal.htm

En segundo lugar, la falta de legitimación no detuvo a ninguna de las cortes ... Second, the lack of standing did not stop either court from denying the ...
www.cdes.org.ec/.../Enforcing the Right to Health - a Petit...

In the case in point, the standing of the presumed victims [legitimación procesal] has been questioned. The petitioners presented Mauricio Herrera ...
www.cidh.org/annualrep/2001eng/CostaRica12367.htm

In first place, this Binational Panel analyzed the concept of the legal standing of the plaintiff (legitimación procesal activa), in order to determine ...
2005.sice.oas.org/dispute/nafta/english/M00041ce.asp

As Block notes, "In past decisions, the Mexican Supreme Court has construed standing, or 'legitimacion,' narrowly by continuing to regard litigation as a ...
www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3970/is_200401/ai_n935...

Una de las doctrinas derivadas de este enfoque prudencial, denominada legitimación activa (“standing”), cumple con el propósito de asegurar al tribunal que ...
www.lexjuris.com/lexjuris/tspr2005/lexj2005079.htm

Por el contrario, los tribunales han tendido a depender de la doctrina, de creación judicial, denominada legitimación activa [standing to sue]. ...
www.tribunalpr.org/supremo2/2000tspr140.htm









Selected response from:

Rebecca Jowers
Spain
Local time: 21:18
Grading comment
That'll do nicely, thanks :)
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
5 +3standing to be suedRebecca Jowers


  

Answers


4 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +3
standing to be sued


Explanation:
falta de legitimación pasiva = lack of standing to be sued

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 6 mins (2007-04-03 20:11:31 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

can also be translated:

"defendant's lack of standing"

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 13 mins (2007-04-03 20:19:16 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

legitimación activa = plaintiff's standing (or) standing to sue

legitimación pasiva = defendant's standing (or) standing to be sued

http://www.proz.com/kudoz/1628252



--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 41 mins (2007-04-03 20:46:38 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

To add a comment to Patricia's answer:
The literal translation "passive legitimation" has been used incorrectly on Proz and in other print and internet sources, and "legitimation" and "legitimación" are false friends in this context. In this context "legitimación" is "legitimación PROCESAL". "Falta de legitimación pasiva" refers to a defense ("excepción procesal") raised in court in which a defendant claims that he does not have standing and, thus, cannot be sued.

Here is a definition of "legitimación" as used in your context:

"Legitimación-Facultad de actuar en el proceso que tiene el titular de un derecho material concreto para ejercitarlo o defenderlo. Es legitimación activa la faculdad de demandar, y legitimación pasiva la que tiene la carga de defenderse como demandado."
(Diccionario Jurídico Colex, 2nd ed., 2003)

In American English this is called "standing" (defined in Black's Law Dictionary, 8th ed., "a position from which one may validly make a legal claim or seek to enforce a right or duty") and in British English the Latin "locus standi" is often used.

"Legitimation" cannot be used in this sense. Here are the legal uses of "legitimation" in English:

1. The act of making something lawful; authorization. 2. The act or process of authoritatively declaring a person legitimate, especially a child whose parentage has been unclear. 3. (Hist) Proof of a person's identity and of legal permission to reside in a certain place or engage in a certain occupation.
(Black's 8th)






--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 55 mins (2007-04-03 21:00:43 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

Here are some examples in which "legitimación" is correctly rendered as "standing":

... on the lack of legal standing as plaintiff (“legitimación procesal activa”) ... investigation based on the alleged lack of standing of the petitioner. ...
www.sice.org/DISPUTE/nafta/english/MU00190401Be.asp

... the case (Incidente de Falta de Legitimación).33 As a result of the Hearing, ... The 1997 CAB Resolution finding of a lack of standing was initiated by ...
www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/nao/taesalegal.htm

En segundo lugar, la falta de legitimación no detuvo a ninguna de las cortes ... Second, the lack of standing did not stop either court from denying the ...
www.cdes.org.ec/.../Enforcing the Right to Health - a Petit...

In the case in point, the standing of the presumed victims [legitimación procesal] has been questioned. The petitioners presented Mauricio Herrera ...
www.cidh.org/annualrep/2001eng/CostaRica12367.htm

In first place, this Binational Panel analyzed the concept of the legal standing of the plaintiff (legitimación procesal activa), in order to determine ...
2005.sice.oas.org/dispute/nafta/english/M00041ce.asp

As Block notes, "In past decisions, the Mexican Supreme Court has construed standing, or 'legitimacion,' narrowly by continuing to regard litigation as a ...
www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3970/is_200401/ai_n935...

Una de las doctrinas derivadas de este enfoque prudencial, denominada legitimación activa (“standing”), cumple con el propósito de asegurar al tribunal que ...
www.lexjuris.com/lexjuris/tspr2005/lexj2005079.htm

Por el contrario, los tribunales han tendido a depender de la doctrina, de creación judicial, denominada legitimación activa [standing to sue]. ...
www.tribunalpr.org/supremo2/2000tspr140.htm











Rebecca Jowers
Spain
Local time: 21:18
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 1776
Grading comment
That'll do nicely, thanks :)

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  patricia scott: Thanks Rebecca. Excellent and detailed explanation. I will delete my option .
52 mins
  -> Thanks Patricia

agree  Sheilann: Lovely links
55 mins
  -> Thanks Sheilann

agree  MikeGarcia: Astoundingly clear and precise, as usual! Happy Easter, señora.-
13 hrs
  -> Muchas gracias, Miguel, y FELICES PASCUAS
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)




Return to KudoZ list


KudoZ™ translation help
The KudoZ network provides a framework for translators and others to assist each other with translations or explanations of terms and short phrases.



See also: