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|Spanish to English translations [PRO]|
|Spanish term or phrase: hijo reconocido|
|...y que a partir de esta fecha podrá usar los apellidos paternos para que sea tenido como hijo reconocido.|
|legitimated / acknowledged / recognized child|
The process is called "legitimation of children".
SUMMARY OF THE LEGITIMATION LAWS OF THE STATES OF
THE UNITED STATES (as of 10/18/93)
The Bureau of Consular Affairs compiled the following information on state laws relating to legitimation as understood by the Department as of October 18, 1993. It is not definitive and cannot substitute for actual reference to the laws in question when necessary. The subject of legitimation is not an easy area of the law to research.
Even if the respective state codes were readily available, state laws on this topic often are not well indexed or cross-referenced. Moreover, statutes relating to legitimation can be scattered in chapters pertaining to minors, estates, marriage, and divorce.
The varying terminology employed by individual state codes also can render this subject difficult. A child born out of wedlock may be referred to in statute as "illegitimate" or, in older statutes, a "bastard." Similarly, a child who has been legitimated may be called "acknowledged" or "recognized." Many states, particularly those which subscribe to the Uniform Parentage Act, simply refer to the establishment of the parent child relationship, a concept intended to be synonymous with legitimation as that term traditionally has been used.
Since the 1993, state laws governing the legitimation of children have undergone many changes. Most of these changes can be read as "liberalizing" the laws that result in a child being placed in a position identical, or substantially identical, to that of a child born in wedlock. In this context, "liberalization" means making less stringent the requirements for legitimation or providing additional means by which legitimation can be accomplished.
While the laws of every state are different, there are some major similarities. The laws of every state declare that the subsequent intermarriage of a child's natural (biological) parents serves to legitimate the child. A few states impose conditions in this regard. Further, the laws of every state make legitimate the child of a void marriage with a few states adding conditions. A number of states have enacted statutes that categorically declare that the existence of a biological relationship between a father and his child in and of itself establishes a legal relationship between the two, without regard to the marital status of the parents.
Finally, almost every state provides means by which a child can be legitimated in the absence of a marriage of the parents.
Selected response from:
Manuel Cedeño Berrueta
Local time: 10:05
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer
2 mins confidence: peer agreement (net): +1