"For some observers, science has revealed flaws in the traditional description of a person (as consisting of a body with separate mind and/or soul). The ‘person’ found under a microscope is made up of genes and neurons undergoing predictable chemical reactions. From this perspective we can see no consciousness, no freedom, and no ‘soul’ able to make moral, responsible choices. Other observers — including scientists — argue that this ‘reductionist’ description of personhood is inadequate."
"Genetic determinism has ruled biology and the popular culture at large before genetic engineering really got underway 25 years ago. It offers a simplistic, reductionist description which is a travesty of the interdependence and complexity of organic reality. It has no concept of the organism as a whole, nor of societies or ecosystems."