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constructo

English translation: construct

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Spanish term or phrase:constructo
English translation:construct
Entered by: Anna Moorby DipTrans
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08:26 Aug 2, 2004
Spanish to English translations [PRO]
Social Science, Sociology, Ethics, etc. / education, violence, community life
Spanish term or phrase: constructo
Is this a construct, it wasn't in my dictionary:

La investigación realizada ha analizado la convivencia y los riesgos de violencia a partir de un constructo complejo de cuatro grandes dimensiones, que son las siguientes
Anna Moorby DipTrans
Local time: 04:16
construct
Explanation:
Español

Resumen: El objetivo de este estudio cuasi-experimental fue valorar la validez de constructo de los conglomerados de trastornos de la personalidad del DSM-IV y la posible existencia de alguna de las dimensiones propuestas por los modelos factoriales-biológicos de la personalidad. Para ello se analizó la estructura factorial que emerge de un conjunto de medidas clínicas (MCMI-II), de personalidad (BFQ), psicofisiológicas (tasa cardiaca y respuesta dermoeléctrica ante tareas de estrés experimental) y neuropsicológicas (tareas informatizadas que evalúan funciones ejecutivas frontales de atención sostenida, flexibilidad mental y formación de conceptos: Stroop, CPT y WCST). Se analizó una muestra de 146 sujetos (68 varones y 78 mujeres) de edades comprendidas entre 17 y 65 años, diagnosticados con algún trastorno de la personalidad según criterios del DSM-IV. No se ha encontrado ningún factor que responda a alguna de las dimensiones propuestas por los modelos factoriales-biológicos para explicar los trastornos de la personalidad ni a la estructura de conglomerados del DSM-IV. Los resultados no apoyan la validez de constructo de los trastornos de la personalidad del DSM-IV.

Palabras Clave: Trastornos de personalidad. DSM-IV. Validez de constructo. Dimensiones factoriales. Estudio cuasi-experimental.

English

Abstract: The purpose of this quasi experimental study was to assess construct validity of DSM-IV clusters of personality disorders, as well as some dimensions suggested by factorial-biological models of personality. For this, the factorial structure derived from a group of clinical (MCMI-II), personality (BFQ), psychophysiological (heart rate and skin resistance response to stress experimental tasks), and neuropsychological (computerized tasks exploring executive frontal functions such as sustained attention, mental flexibility, and concept formation: Stroop, CPT, and WCST) measures were analised. The complete group sample consisted of 146 subjects (68 males and 78 females) who met DSM-IV criteria for some personality disorder. None of the factors obtained in the study showed clear relationship with the dimensions suggested by factorial-biological models used to explain personality disorders neither with cluster structure described in the DSM-IV. Accordingly, the results do not support construct validity of DSM-IV personality disorders.
Selected response from:

Maria Luisa Duarte
Spain
Local time: 04:16
Grading comment
Great guys, I figured it was this but just wanted to check
xx
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
5 +8construct
Maria Luisa Duarte


  

Answers


9 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +8
construct


Explanation:
Español

Resumen: El objetivo de este estudio cuasi-experimental fue valorar la validez de constructo de los conglomerados de trastornos de la personalidad del DSM-IV y la posible existencia de alguna de las dimensiones propuestas por los modelos factoriales-biológicos de la personalidad. Para ello se analizó la estructura factorial que emerge de un conjunto de medidas clínicas (MCMI-II), de personalidad (BFQ), psicofisiológicas (tasa cardiaca y respuesta dermoeléctrica ante tareas de estrés experimental) y neuropsicológicas (tareas informatizadas que evalúan funciones ejecutivas frontales de atención sostenida, flexibilidad mental y formación de conceptos: Stroop, CPT y WCST). Se analizó una muestra de 146 sujetos (68 varones y 78 mujeres) de edades comprendidas entre 17 y 65 años, diagnosticados con algún trastorno de la personalidad según criterios del DSM-IV. No se ha encontrado ningún factor que responda a alguna de las dimensiones propuestas por los modelos factoriales-biológicos para explicar los trastornos de la personalidad ni a la estructura de conglomerados del DSM-IV. Los resultados no apoyan la validez de constructo de los trastornos de la personalidad del DSM-IV.

Palabras Clave: Trastornos de personalidad. DSM-IV. Validez de constructo. Dimensiones factoriales. Estudio cuasi-experimental.

English

Abstract: The purpose of this quasi experimental study was to assess construct validity of DSM-IV clusters of personality disorders, as well as some dimensions suggested by factorial-biological models of personality. For this, the factorial structure derived from a group of clinical (MCMI-II), personality (BFQ), psychophysiological (heart rate and skin resistance response to stress experimental tasks), and neuropsychological (computerized tasks exploring executive frontal functions such as sustained attention, mental flexibility, and concept formation: Stroop, CPT, and WCST) measures were analised. The complete group sample consisted of 146 subjects (68 males and 78 females) who met DSM-IV criteria for some personality disorder. None of the factors obtained in the study showed clear relationship with the dimensions suggested by factorial-biological models used to explain personality disorders neither with cluster structure described in the DSM-IV. Accordingly, the results do not support construct validity of DSM-IV personality disorders.



    Reference: http://www.aepc.es/ijchp/articulos.php?coid=English&id=105
Maria Luisa Duarte
Spain
Local time: 04:16
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in PortuguesePortuguese
PRO pts in category: 10
Grading comment
Great guys, I figured it was this but just wanted to check
xx

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  David Jessop: absolutely
7 mins
  -> Thank you!MLD

agree  Walter Lockhart Ries: A fairly common term in the social sciences
29 mins
  -> Thank you!MLD

agree  nothing
2 hrs
  -> Thank you!MLD

agree  laBern
5 hrs
  -> Thank you!MLD

agree  Tom2004
7 hrs
  -> Thank you!MLD

agree  Patricia Rosas: here it is in an even closer context: http://www.sociology.org/content/vol006.004/volken.html
7 hrs
  -> Thank you!MLD

agree  ES > EN (US)
11 hrs
  -> Thank you!MLD

agree  ceciliar
1 day19 hrs
  -> Thank you!MLD [
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