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(Libre, Cuadro, Una Banda, Tres Bandas) y para Cinco Quillas

English translation: Billiards: Straight, Balkline, One Cushion, Three Cushion and Pin Game

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Spanish term or phrase:Billar: Libre, Cuadro, Una Banda, Tres Bandas y para Cinco Quillas
English translation:Billiards: Straight, Balkline, One Cushion, Three Cushion and Pin Game
Entered by: xxxtazdog
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08:40 Aug 11, 2005
Spanish to English translations [PRO]
Sports / Fitness / Recreation / Snooker
Spanish term or phrase: (Libre, Cuadro, Una Banda, Tres Bandas) y para Cinco Quillas
Los tacos Alcalde para Carambola (Libre, Cuadro, Una Banda, Tres Bandas) y para Cinco Quillas, llevan rosca de madera, el único material que , trabajado con sabiduría,
es capaz de unir la flecha con la maza confiriendo al taco la densidad homogénea de una pieza entera.

I think these refer to snooker categories but can't find an equivalent in English. Any ideas much appreciated.
Lorna O'Donoghue
Local time: 00:08
Billiards: Straight, Balkline, One Cushion, Three Cushion and Pin Game
Explanation:
Here's what I found after a bit of digging:

Bandas are cushions, and the game is billiards (no pockets on the table).

Carambole billiards (or carom) is a billiards game developed in the 18th century in France. The game consisted of two white cue balls and a red object ball. The red ball was called carambola after a red fruit. The object of the game was to score points by hitting the opponent's cue ball and the object ball in a single stroke. The word carom was derived from carambola and it describes the shot where the cue ball first contacts one ball and then makes contact with a second ball.
***Three cushion billiards*** is the most difficult carom game to play, but its rules are very simple. The game arose after the older carom games proved too easy for the top players who could score large numbers of points at each turn at the table.
http://www.onelang.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Carom

Billiards is a game that most people think is played on a seven-foot table with fifteen balls, when in fact, the game of billiards has no pockets and it is played with three balls and on a ten-foot table. The object of the game of billiards is to hit two balls with your cue ball every time you shoot and if successful, then you score one point. There is ***one cushion billiards and two-cushion billiards and three-cushion billiards***.
http://www.ez-shot-ghost-ball.com/billiards.html

El "CASIN" se juega en una mesa sin troneras que mide 5 x 10 pies, se usan ***cinco quillas (bolos de madera que se colocan en el centro de la mesa), los puntos se acumulan cuando se causa que la 1ra. bola objetivo contacte la 2da. (casín), derribando las quillas (palitos), etc. ***
http://www.pool.com.ar/maduro10.htm

PIN GAME
The usual carom table for this game is provided with two white
balls and one red ball, and five wooden pins set in diamond shape. These pins have a value according to the spots they occupy. The pin spots on the table are shown in the following diagram.
http://www.sfbilliards.com/rules_1914tpr.pdf

Libre.- Sólo restrinje series en los rincones para lo cual se trazan triángulos (tras la segunda carambola, ha de salir del triángulo-rincón al menos una de las dos bolas no jugadoras).

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billar

REGLAMENTO
MODALIDAD "CUADRO 47/1"
Se trazan cuatro líneas paralelas a 47 cm. de las cuatro bandas, determinando sobre el billar los nueve cuadros o zonas de limitación. Los tres cuadros centrales son rectangulares y los otros seis cuadrados.
http://www.clubbillarmataro.com/Reglamentos/Q47-1.htm

1980-81 Hechtel (Bel) Belgian champion ***47/1 balk line ***
http://www.raymondceulemans.com/ResultatenEN.html

Straight billiards and three cushion
The most popular billiard games are probably ***straight billiards*** and three cushion. In both, players shoot the cue ball so that it makes contact with their opponent's cue ball as well as the red ball. Some of the best players of this game developed the skill to drive both balls into a corner and were able to score large numbers of consecutive points once the balls were in the corner.
The first professional tournament was held in 1879 (Shamos), where Jacob Schaefer Sr scored 690 points in a single turn. Because the balls barely moved, there was nothing for the fans to watch. Changes were subsequently made to the rules to add ***balklines,*** and the player had to drive a ball past these lines after so many shots. Initially, the championship game was ***18.1 balkline***. After a shot, one of the balls had to be driven past the balkline which were 18 inches from the rail. A more elegant solution was three cushion billiards, which requires a player to make contact with the other two ball on the table and contact three rail cushions in the process. This is difficult enough that even the best players can only manage to average one to two points a turn.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billiards#Straight_billiards_an...

(47 cm is roughly 18 inches)

In games such as carom, ***straight billiards,*** English billiards, ***balkline,*** and three cushion, there are two cue balls and a red ball. One of the cue balls is typically white and the other one is either yellow or white with a red dot. These balls are normally 2-3/4 inches in diameter.
http://www.1-electric.com/articles/Billiards

My (Spanish) husband plays billar, and I checked these with him, too.
Selected response from:

xxxtazdog
Spain
Local time: 01:08
Grading comment
Thanks a million Cindy. You saved my life on this one. Was getting nowhere fast!
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
4Billiards: Straight, Balkline, One Cushion, Three Cushion and Pin Gamexxxtazdog


  

Answers


55 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
Billiards: Straight, Balkline, One Cushion, Three Cushion and Pin Game


Explanation:
Here's what I found after a bit of digging:

Bandas are cushions, and the game is billiards (no pockets on the table).

Carambole billiards (or carom) is a billiards game developed in the 18th century in France. The game consisted of two white cue balls and a red object ball. The red ball was called carambola after a red fruit. The object of the game was to score points by hitting the opponent's cue ball and the object ball in a single stroke. The word carom was derived from carambola and it describes the shot where the cue ball first contacts one ball and then makes contact with a second ball.
***Three cushion billiards*** is the most difficult carom game to play, but its rules are very simple. The game arose after the older carom games proved too easy for the top players who could score large numbers of points at each turn at the table.
http://www.onelang.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Carom

Billiards is a game that most people think is played on a seven-foot table with fifteen balls, when in fact, the game of billiards has no pockets and it is played with three balls and on a ten-foot table. The object of the game of billiards is to hit two balls with your cue ball every time you shoot and if successful, then you score one point. There is ***one cushion billiards and two-cushion billiards and three-cushion billiards***.
http://www.ez-shot-ghost-ball.com/billiards.html

El "CASIN" se juega en una mesa sin troneras que mide 5 x 10 pies, se usan ***cinco quillas (bolos de madera que se colocan en el centro de la mesa), los puntos se acumulan cuando se causa que la 1ra. bola objetivo contacte la 2da. (casín), derribando las quillas (palitos), etc. ***
http://www.pool.com.ar/maduro10.htm

PIN GAME
The usual carom table for this game is provided with two white
balls and one red ball, and five wooden pins set in diamond shape. These pins have a value according to the spots they occupy. The pin spots on the table are shown in the following diagram.
http://www.sfbilliards.com/rules_1914tpr.pdf

Libre.- Sólo restrinje series en los rincones para lo cual se trazan triángulos (tras la segunda carambola, ha de salir del triángulo-rincón al menos una de las dos bolas no jugadoras).

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billar

REGLAMENTO
MODALIDAD "CUADRO 47/1"
Se trazan cuatro líneas paralelas a 47 cm. de las cuatro bandas, determinando sobre el billar los nueve cuadros o zonas de limitación. Los tres cuadros centrales son rectangulares y los otros seis cuadrados.
http://www.clubbillarmataro.com/Reglamentos/Q47-1.htm

1980-81 Hechtel (Bel) Belgian champion ***47/1 balk line ***
http://www.raymondceulemans.com/ResultatenEN.html

Straight billiards and three cushion
The most popular billiard games are probably ***straight billiards*** and three cushion. In both, players shoot the cue ball so that it makes contact with their opponent's cue ball as well as the red ball. Some of the best players of this game developed the skill to drive both balls into a corner and were able to score large numbers of consecutive points once the balls were in the corner.
The first professional tournament was held in 1879 (Shamos), where Jacob Schaefer Sr scored 690 points in a single turn. Because the balls barely moved, there was nothing for the fans to watch. Changes were subsequently made to the rules to add ***balklines,*** and the player had to drive a ball past these lines after so many shots. Initially, the championship game was ***18.1 balkline***. After a shot, one of the balls had to be driven past the balkline which were 18 inches from the rail. A more elegant solution was three cushion billiards, which requires a player to make contact with the other two ball on the table and contact three rail cushions in the process. This is difficult enough that even the best players can only manage to average one to two points a turn.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billiards#Straight_billiards_an...

(47 cm is roughly 18 inches)

In games such as carom, ***straight billiards,*** English billiards, ***balkline,*** and three cushion, there are two cue balls and a red ball. One of the cue balls is typically white and the other one is either yellow or white with a red dot. These balls are normally 2-3/4 inches in diameter.
http://www.1-electric.com/articles/Billiards

My (Spanish) husband plays billar, and I checked these with him, too.

xxxtazdog
Spain
Local time: 01:08
Native speaker of: English
PRO pts in category: 68
Grading comment
Thanks a million Cindy. You saved my life on this one. Was getting nowhere fast!
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