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|Swedish to English translations [Non-PRO]|
|Swedish term or phrase: tomte/gubbe|
|I'd like to know what is the difference between these two... Aren't 'gubbe' little men in red hats, and the name 'jordgubbar' for strawberries comes from those hats? Someone asked me how to say "Santa Claus" in Swedish. I checked the dictionary, but does the word 'jultomte' carry the same image of a big guy in a red suit that "Santa Claus" does, or is it more an image of a smaller Christmas troll?|
|Tomten (with a capital "T") means "the" Santa Claus or "Jultomten"...|
To answer your specific questions:
First, in Sweden the word "tomte" is everywhere I find. As a Canadian, we have Santa, and perhaps some distinctly different elves, but that's it. In Sweden, the holiday season begins as early as December 13th with their Lucia tradition. Lucia comes with "tomtar" or "lusse-gubbar" eg. little elves. As well, there are "tre gubbar, tre gubbar från Pepparkakeland"...
gubbe gubben gubbar subst.
gammal man, gamling (vardagligt även om man i allmänhet)
means: old man, fellow (in English)
As for the Strawberry link, the word "jordgubbe" is a swedish "dialect" word that has existed since 1841:
Jordgubbe=svenskt dialektalt ord (sedan 1841), gubbe i betydelsen liten klump
(Källa Nationalencyklopediens ordbok).
Little Strawberry history, etc.
As for Christmas "Day" (which incidentally is celebrated Dec. 24th here and not the 25th as in North America), often a member of the family actually dresses up as Santa and comes to the house. At our place, they did not cry out with glee for "Jultomten", but would rather just say "Tomten" (somehow knowing that despite all the tomtar/gubbar out there, this was THE one!!).
As for your question about the smaller Christmas trolls eg. elves, these would definately be tomtenissar or nissar!
Selected response from:
Local time: 04:47
|4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer |
19 mins confidence: peer agreement (net): +2
Jultomten = Santa Claus
Jultomten, the Swedish Santa, has elfin helpers called tomtar
Note added at 2002-12-21 04:47:55 (GMT)
Children in Sweden look forward on Christmas Eve to gifts brought by Jultomten (today a cross between a little gnome and the German/British Santa Klaus). They make sure to leave him a bowl of porridge. They also put candles in the windows so he can find his way to the children\'s homes.
| Nina Engberg|
Local time: 02:47
Native speaker of: Swedish
PRO pts in pair: 124
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