ZDnet writes about Chromebooks:
Chromebooks were the big winner, according to NPD. The cheap devices from HP, Acer, Samsung, and others “accounted for 21 percent of all [preconfigured] notebook sales, up from negligible share in the prior year, and 8 percent of all computer and tablet sales through November, up from one tenth of a percent in 2012.
Technically it should be possible to install Java on a Chromebook (and then install CafeTran on top of it):
Be careful!!! This application will remove rootfs verification on your computer which means that you will NOT be able to boot in Verified mode!(dev-switch off) Proceed only if you know what you're doing. This has to be applied after every system update.
Enter Developer mode. There are millions of instructions for that over the Internet. After entering it press CTRL+ALT+F2 to enter the Developer shell. Enter "chronos" as username. Now as you are in the root shell, type these commands one by one and press enter after each one. The commands reboot the computer after execution so enter the shell again after each command(the first one is not necessary for CR-48 models). Be warned that you need to install Java again after every autoupdate.
sh pgkbv | wget http://goo.gl/wnltv;sudo
sh wnltv | wget http://goo.gl/vitkq;sudo
[Edited at 2013-12-28 08:12 GMT]