Chris S wrote:
Maybe it’s a British thing, but here what you say you earn is before tax unless stated otherwise. In this case, the linked article says that it’s the freelancer’s hourly rate that is being referred to.
Yes, the article does refer to gross hourly rate.
The title is still ambiguous though. Note that I referred only to contributions and not to tax; I meant before (income) tax. Once the compulsory contributions have been deducted, the level of gain is sometimes below that of income tax.