English to Indonesian: Rural Areas and the Internet General field: Social Sciences Detailed field: Social Science, Sociology, Ethics, etc.
Source text - English Rural Internet use has grown over the past four years, but in some ways, rural areas continue to be a frontier. Though growing, rural Internet penetration has remained roughly 10 percentage points behind the national average in each of the last four years. This gap is probably has to do with the low population density and high cost of service in these locales, as well as the lower levels of income and education that characterize rural areas. Additionally, a large portion of the rural population is 65 or older, and past studies have consistently found that older Americans are among the least likely to go online. But matters of cost and demographics are not the only distinguishing feature of rural areas’ relationship to the Internet. Rural Internet users are distinctive in some ways for what they do and don’t do online. They are more likely than others accessed religious or spiritual content. In addition, they are more likely to have used instant messaging. On the other hand, they are less likely than others to have engaged in transaction activities such as online banking and online purchases. The differences covered in this report indicate that the rural Internet experience isn’t identical to more urbanized ones, nor is it following an identical trajectory.
Translation - Indonesian Penggunaan internet di wilayah pedesaan telah berkembang selama lebih dari empat tahun, walaupun demikian, wilayah pedesaan tetaplah menjadi wilayah perbatasan. Meskipun sudah berkembang, penetrasi internet dipedesaan menyisakan poin sebesar 10 persen dibawah rata-rata nasional setiap tahunnya selama empat tahun. Perbedaan ini barangkali dikarenakan rendahnya kepadatan penduduk dan biaya pelayanan diwilayah setempat yang mahal, serta tingkat pendapatan dan pendidikan yang rendah yang merupakan karakteristik di wilayah pedesaan. Apalagi sebagian besar populasi di pedesaan ini berumur 65 atau orang lanjut usia, dan beberapa hasil kajian secara konsisten menemukan bahwa hanyalah sedikit penduduk Amerika berumur lanjut usia yang online. Namun permasalahan biaya dan demografis bukanlah yang membedakan keadaan hubungan wilayah pedesaan dengan internet. Para pengguna internet di pedesaan ini memiliki cara tersendiri untuk online ataupun alasan mengapa tidakonline. Mereka lebih banyak mengakses tentang keagamaan atau spiritual dibandingkan bidang yang lain. Disamping itu, mereka lebih jarang melakukan kegiatan transaksi seperti online banking dan pembelian secara online. Perbedaan dalam laporan ini mengindikasikan bahwa penggunaan internet pedesaan tidaklah sama dengan kebanyakan di perkotaan ataupun pada jalur yang sama.
English to Indonesian: Economic Crisis: The U.S. Political Leadership Has Failed General field: Other Detailed field: Economics
Source text - English As the 2007 economic collapse picks up speed, it’s time to take a hard look at the performance of the U.S. national political leadership in meeting some of their most fundamental responsibilities. It’s time to face the fact of serious failure over the last quarter century.
During this time, the leaders of both political parties and of major institutions such as the Federal Reserve have presided over the abandonment of some of the most solemn obligations of constitutional government. They have done this in order to embrace an agenda favorable mainly to the financial, corporate, and government elites.
On January 20, 1981, a full generation ago, President Ronald Reagan said in his first inaugural address, "Government is not a solution to our problem, government is the problem."
Reagan was both right and wrong.
The problem the U.S. was facing then was the collapse of the nation’s manufacturing base through a recession that happened when the Federal Reserve raised interest rates to over the twenty percent level. It did so almost a decade after President Richard Nixon removed the gold peg for the dollar, leading to the inflation of the 1970s when our currency flooded world markets through the oil trade.
Translation - Indonesian Sejak jatuhnya perekonomian pada tahun 2007 yang kini semakin melonjak, kini saatnya melihat sepak terjang kepemimpinan politik nasional dalam mempertanggungjawabkannya secara fundamental. Inilah saatnya menghadapi kenyataan kegagalan yang serius selama seperempat abad.
Selama ini, para pemimpin baik dari kalangan partai politik maupun lembaga-lembaga inti seperti Federal Reserve telah memimpin dengan melupakan kewajiban pemerintahan konstitusional yang sesungguhnya. Mereka memimpin untuk memperoleh keuntungan terutama bagi finansial, perusahaan dan para elit pemerintahan.
Pada tanggal 20 januari 1981, Presiden Rodald Reagan menyatakan dalam pidato pelantikannya, "Pemerintah bukanlah solusi bagi masalah kita, justru pemerintahlah yang jadi masalah."
Dalam hal ini Reagan bisa benar dan salah.
Permasalahan di Amerika yang dihadapi selanjutnya adalah jatuhnya basis industri negara karena resesi yang terjadi ketika federal reserve menaikkan tingkat suku bunga melebihi dua puluh persen. Ini berlangsung selama sepuluh tahun setelah Presiden Richard Nixon meniadakan ketetapan emas terhadap dollar, yang mengakibatkan inflasi pada tahun 19970 an pada saat mata uang kita membanjiri pasar melalui perdagangan minyak.
Master's degree - Jember University
Years of translation experience: 5. Registered at ProZ.com: Jun 2010.
Adobe Acrobat, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Word, Powerpoint
I am a professional translator and I have my translator work for 5 years.
I took my major for Socio Economic of Agriculture in Jember University East Java, I helped many translations sourced from my lecturers and friends concerning with book and researches during my bachelor degree study. The translation could be categorized as follow:
1. Sociology, Economic & Socio Economic Book
3. Summary of researches
I also established my English Club as the division part of University student in my College. I became the initiator and the leader as well for this club. In the other hand, at the same time I had my position as Vice Manager of Community Radio for Socio Economic Major of Agriculture.
Beside as vice manager, I handled the English session as announcer and coordinator division.
Next, as the bachelor degree completed, I got my scholarship to continue to master degree, still in Jember University and same major for Agribusiness/Socio Economic). I had my experience in translating books and also journals for my College.
As part time job, I joined JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency) project for Natural Disaster Management as Interpreter and coordinator of small workshop. There were many experts joined this project and I assisted several of them. The expertise I had assisted were flood water engineer, geologyst, early warning expert & community development expert. the contribution I made were :
- as field interpreter and minute writer,
- translator for manual book, regulation, presentation translation and report translation
In the middle of my study and my work with JICA, I was sent by my University as sit in students in University of Philiphines of Los banos for about 6 months.
I got my Graduation in 2009 from my master degree and fortunately being directly recruited by JICA project again, but for different project title in Jember area. It was about 'Integrated Mitigation of Banjir Bandang in Kabupaten Jember'. This time JICA put me as Project Assistant who worked as liaison person and interpreter as well. In this case, I experience for making detail translation and well-checked editing for any entry translation. I become both, for translator and sometime editor for other translation result. I have this job until now, but I plan to resign and I am entering for freelance translator.
Regarding with my background of education, basis of my specialization is concerning with socio economics, economic, and agriculture. And as additional knowledge, maybe water engineering could be included as one of my speciality since I had experienced working with JICA expert for water resources.
Full of responsibility, detail and hard in work, improved-oriented, professional and cheerful are totally my personality.
Keywords: socio economics, economic, agriculture, social translation, interpreter