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|Arabic to English translations [PRO]|
|Arabic term or phrase: sonahصُناح wa sonanصُنان|
|the first is human sweat smell|
and the second is male urine smell.
6 hrs peer agreement (net): +1
Are you referring to pheromones, scents, or odors?
The quality of something that can be perceived through the sense of smell is called odor. In contemporary popular usage, "odor" is often associated with unpleasant smells, such as the smell of sweat or urine. An odious smells, such as the smell of putrefied organic substances, is called "stench."
The smell of an animal, especially the odor that is hardly perceptible, yet uniquely associated with the animal, is called "scent" (you may remember the film "Scent of a Woman").
Modern science, has identified a set of scent-producing chemicals secreted by many animal species, ranging from insects to humans, and found in sweat, urine, and other exudates, that produce specific, sometimes potent, behavioral influence upon members of the same species. These chemicals are called pheromones.
The American Heritage Dictionary defines a pheromone as "a chemical secreted by an animal, especially an insect, that influences the behavior or development of others of the same species, often functioning as an attractant of the opposite sex."
Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary gives the following definition: "A chemical substance that is produced by an animal and serves especially as a stimulus to other individuals of the same species for one or more behavioral responses called also ectohormone."
The Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia has the following to say about pheromones:
"Any chemical substance secreted by members of an animal species that alters the behavior of other members of the same species. Sex-attractant pheromones are widespread, particularly among insects. Other pheromones act as signals for alarm and defense, territory and trail-marking, and social regulation and recognition. Pheromones are now being used in insect control, e.g., as bait to attract males to field traps or, in very high concentrations, to disorient insects and prevent mating."
It is important to realize that a pheromone is not a smell, but a chemical that produces a smell that has a behavioral impact.
The word "scent" is used for both the smell and the substance producing the smell, as in the following excerpt:
http://www.ecomist.co.za/pages/ecomist/Smell - Neil Martin.h...
"Some 'scents' are thought to produce stereotypical responses in a receiving organism without the scent being overtly detected. Such scents are called pheromones, chemicals secreted by the body which induce a stereotypical behavioral or physiological response. A well-known example of a pheromone is androstenone (its full, chemical name is 5alpha-16-androst-16-en-3-one)."
The word "odor" is used only for the smell itself.
See citations above
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