戴冕鹤

English translation: Balearica pavonina

GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Chinese term or phrase:戴冕鹤
English translation:Balearica pavonina
Entered by: Libin PhD

07:28 Sep 25, 2002
Chinese to English translations [PRO]
Zoology / zoology
Chinese term or phrase: 戴冕鹤
a kind of...crane!
liberation
Balearica pavonina
Explanation:
... 西非冠鹤(Balearica pavonina)

西非冠鹤又名西非戴冕鹤、黑冠鹤、戴冕鹤。属鹤形目鹤科。体态高雅,羽色别致,是动物园中珍贵的观赏禽类。该鹤主要产于西非塞内加尔到中非的尼日利亚。西非冠鹤性喜集群,常几十只或几百只集群在开阔的沼泽地区。该鹤是鹤类中的“歌、舞”名星,雌雄鹤均能歌善舞,尤其在每天的清晨和傍晚,常常集体引颈展翅高歌。西非冠鹤喜欢在植物丰盛的水边觅食小鱼、蝌蚪、昆虫、小爬行类、蛙类和各种植物嫩芽。该鹤不怕人,常跟随人之后。
西非冠鹤体长70-90厘米,体重2000-4000克。雌雄鹤羽色基本相同。通体为黑色。喙粗直,呈灰黑色,鼻孔位于中部,额部向外凸出,具乌黑色的绒羽,枕部具无数条土黄色绒丝向四周放射,形成一个美丽的绒球,称之为冠羽,面颊上白下红,与乌黑色的额羽形成了鲜明的对比色彩。颈长,羽毛为灰白色,喉部具有玫瑰红色的肉垂。除次级飞羽为灰白色外,其余羽毛为黑色。跗与趾呈蓝黑色。
西非冠鹤在不同的地区产卵季节有差异,在尼日利亚于5-7月产卵。该鹤在配对前,常常成对或集结更多的伙伴一起举行“舞会”,跳出最优美的舞蹈。当舞会结束时,它们还集体“大合唱”。非洲的尼洛蒂克族人有些舞蹈动作就是学的该鹤的“舞姿”。配对结束后,新婚燕尔开始筑巢,巢由芦苇、干草等组成。每窝产卵2-5枚,卵呈蓝白色,卵重120-130克。雌雄鹤轮流孵卵,约1个小时轮流一次,孵化期27-30天。雏鸟孵出来后,羽色为黄褐色,约2个月后才变为成体羽色。双亲每天外出寻找小虫喂养"儿女"。3-5岁性成熟,寿命25-35年。


--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 2002-09-25 09:20:09 (GMT) Post-grading
--------------------------------------------------

这里有一幅很美丽的戴冤鹤照片,非看不可。头部的冠顶也很高贵。

http://216.239.35.100/search?q=cache:BuQbhskrtrEC:www.henan-...
Selected response from:

Libin PhD
Grading comment
Apparently also known as "black-crowned crane." You are brilliant!
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
4Balearica pavonina
Libin PhD


  

Answers


1 hr   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
Balearica pavonina


Explanation:
... 西非冠鹤(Balearica pavonina)

西非冠鹤又名西非戴冕鹤、黑冠鹤、戴冕鹤。属鹤形目鹤科。体态高雅,羽色别致,是动物园中珍贵的观赏禽类。该鹤主要产于西非塞内加尔到中非的尼日利亚。西非冠鹤性喜集群,常几十只或几百只集群在开阔的沼泽地区。该鹤是鹤类中的“歌、舞”名星,雌雄鹤均能歌善舞,尤其在每天的清晨和傍晚,常常集体引颈展翅高歌。西非冠鹤喜欢在植物丰盛的水边觅食小鱼、蝌蚪、昆虫、小爬行类、蛙类和各种植物嫩芽。该鹤不怕人,常跟随人之后。
西非冠鹤体长70-90厘米,体重2000-4000克。雌雄鹤羽色基本相同。通体为黑色。喙粗直,呈灰黑色,鼻孔位于中部,额部向外凸出,具乌黑色的绒羽,枕部具无数条土黄色绒丝向四周放射,形成一个美丽的绒球,称之为冠羽,面颊上白下红,与乌黑色的额羽形成了鲜明的对比色彩。颈长,羽毛为灰白色,喉部具有玫瑰红色的肉垂。除次级飞羽为灰白色外,其余羽毛为黑色。跗与趾呈蓝黑色。
西非冠鹤在不同的地区产卵季节有差异,在尼日利亚于5-7月产卵。该鹤在配对前,常常成对或集结更多的伙伴一起举行“舞会”,跳出最优美的舞蹈。当舞会结束时,它们还集体“大合唱”。非洲的尼洛蒂克族人有些舞蹈动作就是学的该鹤的“舞姿”。配对结束后,新婚燕尔开始筑巢,巢由芦苇、干草等组成。每窝产卵2-5枚,卵呈蓝白色,卵重120-130克。雌雄鹤轮流孵卵,约1个小时轮流一次,孵化期27-30天。雏鸟孵出来后,羽色为黄褐色,约2个月后才变为成体羽色。双亲每天外出寻找小虫喂养"儿女"。3-5岁性成熟,寿命25-35年。


--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 2002-09-25 09:20:09 (GMT) Post-grading
--------------------------------------------------

这里有一幅很美丽的戴冤鹤照片,非看不可。头部的冠顶也很高贵。

http://216.239.35.100/search?q=cache:BuQbhskrtrEC:www.henan-...


    Reference: http://216.239.35.100/search?q=cache:ZB_TCVfQTiAC:go1.163.co...
Libin PhD
Native speaker of: Native in ChineseChinese
PRO pts in category: 20
Grading comment
Apparently also known as "black-crowned crane." You are brilliant!
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