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09:14 Jan 21, 2008
Chinese to English translations [PRO] Art/Literary - History / Yuan and Ming - Tibetan Buddhism
Chinese term or phrase:真言 zhenyan
Kublai listened with great interest, and could not help asking, "Well, how should one practice then?" Phagspa said, speaking and demonstrating at the same time, "One must kousong zhenyan (chant incantations), shoujie qiyin (do all kinds of different hand rituals), and xinzuo guanxiang (imagine), and if you have no evil thoughts whatsoever, then you can become a Buddha."
"After Tsong Khapa arrived in Tibet, he studied the doctrines and teaching methods of all the four sects. He felt that the Red Sect only laid weight on studying the abstruse and difficult to understand zhenyan (that is, incantations, also called the mizong ), and did not stress the study and research of the Lamaist scriptures (the xianzong )."