tilbageløb og adfærd

English translation: deadweight / mechanical loss and dynamic behavioral response

GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Danish term or phrase:tilbageløb og adfærd
English translation:deadweight / mechanical loss and dynamic behavioral response
Entered by: Shawn Champion

13:42 Nov 8, 2014
Danish to English translations [PRO]
Bus/Financial - Accounting / effects of tax changes
Danish term or phrase: tilbageløb og adfærd
I submit this as one single term because they are used together, more often than not.

...et varigt mindreprovenu efter tilbageløb og adfærd på XXX mio. kr...

I alt provenuvirkning efter tilbageløb og adfærd.

It's used very extensively, yet I somehow cannot find an English equivalent that isn't merely a direct/machine translation. I know that tilbageløb is on Proz somewhere as "return flow on lending", though I don't think that is correct. The DA/FR entry here doesn't help me much either.

Thanks!
Shawn Champion
Sweden
Local time: 20:20
deadweight / mechanical loss and dynamic behavioral response
Explanation:
Taxation and the Long Run Allocation of Labor: Theory and ...
www.econ.ku.dk/jrm/PDFfiles/Allocation_Tax_Revised.pdf
CT Kreiner - ‎
fies the efficiency loss from misallocation of labor caused by taxation.2 As will ... to 87 percent of the ***(mechanical) loss in tax revenue***,4 which translates into an ...

Labor Supply Behavior and the Design of Tax and Transfer ...
www.econ.ku.dk/ctk/Papers/klevenkreinersurvey12.pdf
HJ Kleven - ‎2005 - ‎
This is what we call the excess burden or the ***deadweight loss of taxation***. .... The mechanical revenue effect reflects the impact of the increase in the tax rate at .

Evaluating the Trade-Offs in Tax and Transfer Policy: Theory ...
www.rff.dk/files/RFF-site/.../Teknisk_note_nr._12.pdf
Kreiner (2006c,d) evaluate the effects of the Danish tax and transfer policy on la- ... in preferences and/or budget sets created by fixed work costs (e.g., Cogan, 1981) ..... which gives ***the fraction of tax revenue lost through behavioral responses***.


--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 7 days (2014-11-15 19:19:39 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

according to page 12 of this Danish reference below

tilbageløb = static revenue change or "mechanical" revenue change or dynamic revenue loss or marginal (not total) deadweight loss

adfærd = dynamic revenue change or revenue change from behavioural responses

Download
www.econ.ku.dk/.../DWL in a small open economy%...
PB Sørensen - ‎2011 - ‎
The decomposition of the total revenue change into a “static” and a “dynamic” component is very useful because of the general result that the amount needed to compensate consumers for a
tax increase equals the static revenue gain, as we shall see below. From (30) it then follows that the marginal deadweight loss equals the dynamic revenue loss.

4
In the literature, the static revenue change is sometimes referred to as the “mechanical” revenue change, and the dynamic revenue change is also known as the “revenue change from behavioural responses”.

5
While the total deadweight loss in (29) is calculated by means of the equivalent variation, we are thus effectively adopting a compensating variation measure of the marginal deadweight loss.

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 11 days (2014-11-19 23:14:23 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

two clarifications came in recently from Copenhagen:

The first from De Økonomiske Råd, November 11th:

"Jesper Gregers Linaa (DØRS)" <jl@dors.dk>

Kære Andrés

Vi har ikke et skarpt svar, hvad angår "tilbageløb" - prøv evt. at kontakte Finansministeriet herom.

"Behavioural response" er en fin betegnelse for adfærd - og måske kan du samle det hele i "revenues through behavioural response". Jeg tror i hvert fald, det ville blive forstået.

"Deadweight loss" fungerer ikke - det er noget helt andet.

Hilsen Jesper

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

The second from Københavns Universitet, November 16th:

"Peter Birch Sørensen" <Peter.Birch.Sorensen@econ.ku.dk>

Jeg ville bruge betegnelsen "revenue change from behavioural responses".

Med venlig hilsen.
Peter Birch Sørensen.
Selected response from:

andres-larsen
Venezuela
Local time: 15:20
Grading comment
Thanks! Super helpful references and links, too.
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
1 +1deadweight / mechanical loss and dynamic behavioral response
andres-larsen
Summary of reference entries provided
definitions in Danish of ***tilbageløb og adfærd***
andres-larsen

Discussion entries: 8





  

Answers


13 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 1/5Answerer confidence 1/5 peer agreement (net): +1
deadweight / mechanical loss and dynamic behavioral response


Explanation:
Taxation and the Long Run Allocation of Labor: Theory and ...
www.econ.ku.dk/jrm/PDFfiles/Allocation_Tax_Revised.pdf
CT Kreiner - ‎
fies the efficiency loss from misallocation of labor caused by taxation.2 As will ... to 87 percent of the ***(mechanical) loss in tax revenue***,4 which translates into an ...

Labor Supply Behavior and the Design of Tax and Transfer ...
www.econ.ku.dk/ctk/Papers/klevenkreinersurvey12.pdf
HJ Kleven - ‎2005 - ‎
This is what we call the excess burden or the ***deadweight loss of taxation***. .... The mechanical revenue effect reflects the impact of the increase in the tax rate at .

Evaluating the Trade-Offs in Tax and Transfer Policy: Theory ...
www.rff.dk/files/RFF-site/.../Teknisk_note_nr._12.pdf
Kreiner (2006c,d) evaluate the effects of the Danish tax and transfer policy on la- ... in preferences and/or budget sets created by fixed work costs (e.g., Cogan, 1981) ..... which gives ***the fraction of tax revenue lost through behavioral responses***.


--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 7 days (2014-11-15 19:19:39 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

according to page 12 of this Danish reference below

tilbageløb = static revenue change or "mechanical" revenue change or dynamic revenue loss or marginal (not total) deadweight loss

adfærd = dynamic revenue change or revenue change from behavioural responses

Download
www.econ.ku.dk/.../DWL in a small open economy%...
PB Sørensen - ‎2011 - ‎
The decomposition of the total revenue change into a “static” and a “dynamic” component is very useful because of the general result that the amount needed to compensate consumers for a
tax increase equals the static revenue gain, as we shall see below. From (30) it then follows that the marginal deadweight loss equals the dynamic revenue loss.

4
In the literature, the static revenue change is sometimes referred to as the “mechanical” revenue change, and the dynamic revenue change is also known as the “revenue change from behavioural responses”.

5
While the total deadweight loss in (29) is calculated by means of the equivalent variation, we are thus effectively adopting a compensating variation measure of the marginal deadweight loss.

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 11 days (2014-11-19 23:14:23 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

two clarifications came in recently from Copenhagen:

The first from De Økonomiske Råd, November 11th:

"Jesper Gregers Linaa (DØRS)" <jl@dors.dk>

Kære Andrés

Vi har ikke et skarpt svar, hvad angår "tilbageløb" - prøv evt. at kontakte Finansministeriet herom.

"Behavioural response" er en fin betegnelse for adfærd - og måske kan du samle det hele i "revenues through behavioural response". Jeg tror i hvert fald, det ville blive forstået.

"Deadweight loss" fungerer ikke - det er noget helt andet.

Hilsen Jesper

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

The second from Københavns Universitet, November 16th:

"Peter Birch Sørensen" <Peter.Birch.Sorensen@econ.ku.dk>

Jeg ville bruge betegnelsen "revenue change from behavioural responses".

Med venlig hilsen.
Peter Birch Sørensen.

andres-larsen
Venezuela
Local time: 15:20
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 24
Grading comment
Thanks! Super helpful references and links, too.
Notes to answerer
Asker: Thanks Andres! I'm just going to leave this open for a few more days in case anyone else wants to weigh in.


Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Adrian MM. (X): behavioural in BrE
6 hrs
  -> very true - thanks
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Reference comments


6 hrs
Reference: definitions in Danish of ***tilbageløb og adfærd***

Reference information:
Notat - Finansministeriet
www.fm.dk/.../Regneprincipper og modelanve...

Tilbageløb betegner, at politikændringer, der direkte påvirker de disponible indkomster, vil påvirke det offentliges indtægter fra moms og afgifter mv. gennem større eller mindre forbrug, selvom adfærden antages at være uændret (dvs. effekten fremkommer alene som følge af den ændrede disponible indkomst). Hvis fx indkomstskatterne sættes op, vil det reducere de disponible indkomster. Det vil reducere privatforbruget og dermed det offentliges indtægter fra moms og afgifter. Dette tilbageløb reducerer således de direkte provenuvirkninger af fx en indkomstskattestigning.

Adfærdsændringer (også kaldet dynamiske effekter) betegner – i modsætning til tilbageløb – at visse politikændringer kan påvirke den økonomiske adfærd fx i form af øget arbejdsudbud eller opsparing eller ændret forbrugssammensætning. Hvis der fx indføres en særlig afgift på visse varer, kan det føre til et mindre forbrug af disse varer og evt. et højere forbrug af andre varer. Det er ofte netop et formål med politikændringer at opnå en adfærdsændring. De strukturelle virkninger af ændret adfærd indregnes som hovedregel fra det tidspunkt, hvor regelændringer har effekt og påvirker tilskyndelsen til beskæftigelse, opsparing mv. Virkningerne på fx den faktiske beskæftigelse og arbejdstid kan opstå hurtigt eller med en vis forsinkelse.

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 9 hrs (2014-11-08 22:49:36 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

adfærdsmæssigt provenutab = behavioural revenue loss

Diskussionsoplæg - De Økonomiske Råd
www.dors.dk/graphics/Synkron-Library/.../Rapporter/.../Hele...
Nov 3, 2011 - vil blive opvejet af et ***adfærdsmæssigt provenutab***, og der er således ringe udsigt ...... while the ***behavioural revenue loss*** will be relatively large.

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 9 hrs (2014-11-08 23:06:00 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

Hvad er behavioural economics? - Konkurrence- og ...
https://www.kfst.dk/.../66E17C60541A4210B175133...
behavioural economics til at forstå adfærd, formulere politik og sikre en effektiv ... økonomiske incitamenter, men som alligevel påvirker forbrugernes adfærd i en ...

Introduktion til adfærdsøkonomi - Fagbeskrivelser
www.sam.sdu.dk/study/fagbasen/fagprint.shtml?...
Introduction to Behavioral Economics, Undervisningsaktivitetsnr. ... Adfærdsøkonomi bevæger sig inden for et genstandsfelt, hvor økonomiske teorier og ... forstå og forudsige konsekvernser af menneskers adfærd og handlinger blandt andet i ...

andres-larsen
Venezuela
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 24
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