dracht

15:22 Jul 15, 2018
Dutch to English translations [PRO]
Medical - Medical: Pharmaceuticals
Dutch term or phrase: dracht
Tijdens dit verval komt er �- en y-straling vrij. De �-straling vernietigt de kankercellen. y-Straling heeft een veel langere dracht dan �-straling en wordt in aanzienlijk mindere mate door het lichaam geabsorbeerd, en kan daarom buiten het lichaam worden waargenomen.
Maria Danielson
United States
Local time: 06:04


Summary of answers provided
4 +1range
Barend van Zadelhoff
Summary of reference entries provided
refs
Michael Beijer

Discussion entries: 1





  

Answers


6 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +1
range


Explanation:
Range (particle radiation)

In passing through matter, charged particles ionize and thus lose energy in many steps, until their energy is (almost) zero. The distance to this point is called the range of the particle. The range depends on the type of particle, on its initial energy and on the material through which it passes.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Range_(particle_radiation)

Dracht in de kernfysica, ook wel indringdiepte, is de afstand/weg die een deeltje/straling kan afleggen in een stof.

https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dracht_(kernfysica)

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Note added at 49 mins (2018-07-15 16:12:15 GMT)
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Some additional info:

Gamma Rays in Matter

Gamma attenuation :

The exponential attenuation of a narrow beam of gamma rays passing through an homogenous layer of material is characterized by an attenuation coefficient. The higher this coefficient, the faster is the attenuation. The attenuation coefficient is a measure of the interaction probability (called cross-section) of the gamma rays with the matter or the target. It is obtained by summing the contributions of the three effects: the photoelectric effect, the Compton effect, and (to a lesser degree) pair-production.

There is usually a significant probability that gamma rays travel a relatively great distance without being involved in any interaction. As a result, gamma radiation is both more penetrating and more difficult to stop than either alpha or beta. In laboratories and near accelerators, the custom is to use thick lead screens – a cheap and effective material - as gamma rays are more easily absorbed by heavier nuclei.

http://www.radioactivity.eu.com/site/pages/Gamma_Matter.htm

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Note added at 1 hr (2018-07-15 16:40:29 GMT)
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Alternatively, you could use (much larger) 'penetration depth' if you feel this suits your context better.

Compare:

Dracht in de kernfysica, ook wel indringdiepte, is de afstand/weg die een deeltje/straling kan afleggen in een stof.

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Note added at 6 days (2018-07-22 14:38:58 GMT)
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Any feedback, Maria?

Thanks!

Barend

Barend van Zadelhoff
Netherlands
Local time: 12:04
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in DutchDutch
PRO pts in category: 12

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Michael Beijer
17 mins
  -> Thanks, Michael.
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Reference comments


24 mins
Reference: refs

Reference information:
GWIT:

dracht-energiebetrekking [PHYS.] = range-energy relatio

Michael Beijer
United Kingdom
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 8
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